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Harry A. Ironside

(C) In the Public Domain


                   Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth

                   by H.A. IRONSIDE, Litt.D.


    1. What is Ultra-Dispensationalism?
    2. The Four Gospels and Their Relation to the Church
    3. The Transitional Period - Is the Church of The Acts the Body of
    4. When Was the Revelation of the Mystery of the One Body Given?
    5. Further Examination of the Epistles
    6. Is the Church the Bride of the Lamb?
    7. Do Baptism and the Lord's Supper Have Any Place in the Present
       Dispensation of the Grace of God?
    8. Concluding Remarks

                              CHAPTER ONE

                    What is Ultra-Dispensationalism?

   "Study to show thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to
       be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth" (2 Tim. 2: 15).

   PAUL'S exhortation to the younger preacher, Timothy, has come home to
   many with great power in recent years.  As a result, there has been a
   return to more ancient methods of Bible study, which had been largely
   neglected during the centuries of the Church's drift from apostolic
   testimony.  Augustine's words have had a re-affirmation: "Distinguish
   the ages, and the Scriptures are plain." And so there has been great
   emphasis put in many quarters, and rightly so, upon the study of what
   is commonly known as "dispensational" truth.  This line of teaching, if
   kept within Scriptural bounds, cannot but prove a great blessing to the
   humble student of the Word of God who desires to know His will or plan
   in His dealings with men from creation to the coming glory.  A careful
   examination of the volume of Revelation shows that God's ways with men
   have differed in various ages.  This must be taken into account if one
   would properly apprehend His truth.

   The word "dispensation" is found several times in the pages of our
   English Bible and is a translation of the Greek word "oikonomia." This
   word, strictly speaking, means "house order." It might be translated
   "administration," "order," or "stewardship." In each successive age,
   God gives to men of faith a certain stewardship, or makes known to them
   a certain order or administration, in accordance with which they are
   responsible to behave.  A dispensation then is a period of time in
   which God is dealing with men in some way in which He has not dealt
   with them before.  Only when a new revelation from God is given, does a
   dispensation change.  Moreover, there may be degrees of revelation in
   one dispensation; all, however, having to do with a fuller unfolding of
   the will of God for that particular age.  This was very definitely true
   in the dispensation of law, from Moses to Christ.  We have the various
   revelations: of Sinai, both the first and second giving of the law;
   then added instructions during the wilderness years; the covenant with
   David; and the revelations given to the prophets.  The circumstances in
   which God's people were found changed frequently during this age of
   law, but the dispensation itself continued from Sinai until Jesus
   cried, "It is finished." It is important to have this in mind,
   otherwise the vast scope of an ever unfolding dispensation may be lost
   sight of, and one might get the idea that every additional revelation
   of truth in a given age changed the dispensation, whereas it only
   enlarges it.

   One may illustrate a dispensation in a very simple way, remembering
   that the word really means "house order," and I might add, the Greek
   word has been Anglicized, and we know it as "economy." Let us suppose a
   young woman whom we will call Mary, is going out into service.  She
   obtains a position in a humble home belonging to a good family of the
   working class.  There are certain rules governing that home which she
   must learn to observe.  All perhaps is not plain to her at once, but as
   time goes on, she learns more and more fully the desires of her
   mistress.  We will say she is to rise at five every morning and begin
   to prepare the breakfast and put up the lunches for those who go out to
   work.  At six she is to ring the rising bell; at half-past six the
   family are supposed to be at the breakfast-table; and at seven they
   leave for work.  Dinner of course is at a certain hour at night, and in
   the meantime she has her different duties to perform in keeping the
   house in order.  She learns quite thoroughly the domestic economy of
   this particular home and becomes a well-qualified household servant.
   Now let us suppose that later on she finds that a cook and housekeeper
   is needed for the large mansion on the hill.  She applies for the
   position and is accepted.  Moving in, her mistress undertakes to
   instruct her in the economy of the new home, but Mary says, "You need
   not give me any instructions, Ma'am, I know exactly how a house should
   be run. just leave it to me and everything will be attended to
   properly.  I have had some years of experience in housekeeping and I
   would not have asked for the position if I did not know what was
   required." Her mistress is dubious, but, for the time being,

   The next morning, the waking-gong sounds at six o'clock.  The family,
   who are accustomed to banker's hours during the day and are given to
   very late hours at night, are astonished and chagrined at being aroused
   so early.  The mistress calls down to the housekeeper, "What does this
   mean?" and learns that breakfast will be on the table in half-an-hour.

   "Why, Mary," she exclaims; "we never breakfast here until half-past

   "But the breakfast is hot and the lunches are all ready, Ma'am."

   "No one carries lunches in this home.  You see, Mary, you do not
   understand the arrangement here.  I shall have to instruct you
   carefully today." And poor bewildered Mary learns the importance of
   dispensational truth!

   The illustration, I know, is crude, but I think any one will see the
   point.  God had one order for the house of Israel.  There is another
   order for the house of God, the Church of the living God today.  There
   will be a different order in the millennial age, and there have been
   varying orders in the past.

   All this comes out clearly in the pages of Holy Scripture, and is
   certainly involved in the expression in our English Bibles, "rightly
   dividing the Word of Truth." Of course, this expression is not by any
   means to be limited to dispensational teaching.  It also implies
   putting each great doctrine of the Word in its right place.  It has
   been translated, "cutting in a straight line the Word of Truth," that
   is, not confounding or confusing things that differ.  It even suggests
   the thought of honestly facing the Word of Truth.

   It is right here then that we need to be careful, and not read into the
   Word of God ideas out of our own minds which are not really there.
   Through doing this, some have ignored dispensational truth altogether.
   Others have swung to an ultra-dispensationalism which is most
   pernicious in its effect upon one's own soul and upon testimony for God
   generally.  Of these ultra-dispensational systems, one in particular
   has come into prominence of late years, which, for want of a better
   name, is generally called "Bullingerism," owing to the fact that it was
   first advocated some years ago by Dr. E. W. Bullinger, a clergyman of
   the Church of England.  These views have been widely spread through the
   notes of "The Companion Bible," a work partly edited by Dr. Bullinger,
   though he died before it was completed.  This Bible has many valuable
   features and has been a help in certain respects to God's servants who
   have used it conservatively, but it contains interpretations which are
   utterly subversive of the truth.  Some of Dr. Bullinger's positions are
   glaringly opposed to what is generally accepted as orthodox teaching,
   as, for instance, the sleep of the soul between death and resurrection;
   and it is a most significant fact that while he did not apparently
   fully commit himself to any eschatological position as to the final
   state of the impenitent, most of his followers in Great Britain have
   gone off into annihilation, and there is quite a sect in America who
   began with his teaching who now are restorationists of the broadest
   type, teaching what they are pleased to call universal reconciliation,
   which to their minds involves the final salvation not only of all men,
   but of Satan and all the fallen angels.  These two views, diverse as
   they are, are nevertheless the legitimate offspring of the
   ultra-dispensational system to which we refer.

   The present writer has been urged by many for years to take up these
   questions, but has always heretofore shrunk from doing so; first,
   because of the time and labor involved, which seemed out of all
   proportion to the possible value of such an examination; and secondly,
   because of a natural shrinking from controversy, remembering the word,
   "The servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all men,
   apt to teach, patient; in meekness instructing those that oppose
   themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the
   acknowledging of the truth." But the rapid spread of these pernicious
   views and their evident detrimental effect upon so many who hold them,
   has led to the conclusion that it would be unfaithfulness to God and to
   His people if one refused to seek to give any help he could in regard
   to these teachings.

   Briefly, then, what are the outstanding tenets of Bullingerism and its
   kindred systems?  For one needs to remember that a number are teaching
   these ultra-dispensational things who declare that they are not
   familiar with the writings of Dr. Bullinger, and repudiate with
   indignation the name of "Bullingerism." There are perhaps six
   outstanding positions taken by these teachers:

   First, inasmuch as our Lord Jesus was "a minister of the circumcision
   to confirm the promises made to the fathers," it is insisted that the
   four Gospels are entirely Jewish and have no real message for the
   Church, the Body of Christ.  All might not put it quite as boldly as
   this, but certainly their disciples go to the limit in repudiating the
   authority of the Gospels.

   Secondly, it is maintained that the book of Acts covers a transition
   period between the dispensation of the law and the dispensation of the
   mystery; that is, that in the book of Acts we do not have the Church,
   the Body of Christ, but that the word "ekklesia" (church, or assembly),
   as used in that book, refers to a different Church altogether to that
   of Paul's prison epistles.  This earlier Church is simply an aspect of
   the kingdom and is not the same as the Body of Christ!

   Third, it is contended that Paul did not receive his special revelation
   of the mystery of the Body until his imprisonment in Rome, and that his
   prison epistles alone reveal this truth and are, strictly speaking, the
   only portion of the Holy Scriptures given to members of the Body.  All
   of the other epistles of Paul, save those written during his
   imprisonment and the general epistles, are relegated to the earlier
   dispensation of the book of Acts, and have no permanent value for us,
   but were for the instruction of the so-called Jewish church of that

   Fourth, the entire book of Revelation has to do with the coming age and
   has no reference to the Church today.  Even the letters to the seven
   churches in Asia, which are distinctly said to be "the things which
   are," are, according to this system, to be considered as "the things
   which are not," and will not be until the Church, the Body of Christ,
   is removed from this world.  Then, it is contended, these seven
   churches will appear on the earth as Jewish churches in the Great

   Fifth, the Body of Christ is altogether a different company, according
   to these teachers, from the Bride of the Lamb, the latter being
   supposed to be Jewish.

   Sixth, the Christian ordinances, having been given before Paul is
   supposed to have received his revelation of the mystery in prison, have
   no real connection with the present economy, and therefore, are
   relegated to the past, and may again have a place in the future Great

   *As to this, these ultra-dispensationalists differ. Most of them reject
   water baptism entirely for this age.  All of them are not prepared to
   go so far in connection with the Lord's Supper, but many of them
   repudiate it too.

   Besides these six points, there are many other unscriptural things
   which are advocated by various disciples who began with these views and
   have been rapidly throwing overboard other Scriptural teachings.  Many
   Bullingerites boldly advocate the sleep of the soul between death and
   resurrection, the annihilation of the wicked, or, as we have seen,
   universal salvation of all men and demons, the denial of the eternal
   Sonship of the Lord Jesus Christ, and, gravest of all, the personality
   of the Holy Spirit.  All of these evil doctrines find congenial soil in
   Bullingerism.  Once men take up with this system there is no telling
   how far they will go, and what their final position will be in regard
   to the great fundamental truths of Christianity.  It is because of this
   that one needs to be on his guard, for it is as true of systems as it
   is of teachers, "By their fruits ye shall know them."

   Having had most intimate acquaintance with Bullingerism as taught by
   many for the last forty years, I have no hesitancy in saying that its
   fruits are evil.  It has produced a tremendous crop of heresies
   throughout the length and breadth of this and other lands, it has
   divided Christians and wrecked churches and assemblies without number;
   it has lifted up its votaries in intellectual and spiritual pride to an
   appalling extent, so that they look with supreme contempt upon
   Christians who do not accept their peculiar views; and in most
   instances where it has been long tolerated, it has absolutely throttled
   Gospel effort at home and sown discord on missionary fields abroad.  So
   true are these things of this system that I have no hesitancy in saying
   it is an absolutely Satanic perversion of the truth.  Instead of
   rightly dividing the Word, I shall seek to show that these teachers
   wrongly divide the Word, and that their propaganda is anything but
   conducive to spirituality and enlightenment in divine things.

                              CHAPTER TWO

              The Four Gospels and Their Relation to the Church

   HOWEVER they may differ in regard to minor details of their various
   systems, practically all ultra-dispensationalists are a unit in
   declaring that the four Gospels must be entirely relegated to a past
   dispensation (in fact, according to most of them, they are pushed two
   dispensations back), and, therefore, are not to be considered as in any
   sense applying to this present age.  It is affirmed with the utmost
   assurance that the Gospels are wholly Jewish.  Inasmuch as we are told
   in the Epistle to the Romans (15: 8), that "Jesus Christ was a minister
   of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made
   unto the fathers," the position is taken that the records of the
   Evangelists deal solely with this phase of things, and that there is
   nothing even in the utterances of our Lord Himself in those books that
   has any special place for the present dispensation.

   Yet a careful consideration of the very passage in which these words
   are found would seem to negative this entire theory and prove that it
   is absolutely groundless, for when the apostle is stressing true
   Christian behavior, he refers the saints back to the life and ministry
   of our Lord Jesus when here on earth.  Notice the opening verses of
   Romans 15. We are told that the "strong should bear the infirmities of
   the weak, and not seek to please themselves, but that each one should
   have in mine the edification of his neighbor," having Christ as our
   great example, "who pleased not Himself, but of whom it is written, The
   reproaches of them that reproached Thee fell on Me."

   We are then definitely informed that not only what we have in the four
   Gospels, but what we have in all the Old Testament is for us, "for
   whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning,
   that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have
   hope." Here there is no setting aside of an earlier revelation as
   though it had no message for the people of God in a later day simply
   because dispensations have changed.  Spiritual principles never change;
   moral responsibility never changes, and the believer who would glorify
   God in the present age must manifest the grace that was seen in Christ
   when He walked here on earth during the age that is gong.  It is
   perfectly true that He came in exact accord with Old Testament prophecy
   and came under the law, in order that He might deliver those who were
   under the law from that bondage.  He was in reality a minister of the
   circumcision for the truth of God, not-observe-to fulfil at His first
   coming the promises made unto the fathers, but to confirm them.  This
   He did by His teaching and His example.  He assures Israel even in
   setting them to one side, that the promises made beforehand shall yet
   have their fulfilment.

   But, observe, it is upon this very fact that the apostle bases present
   grace going out to the Gentiles, for he adds in verse 9:

   "And that the Gentiles might glorify God for His mercy; as it is
       written: For this cause I will confess to Thee among the Gentiles,
       and sing unto Thy name.  And again He saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles,
       with His people.  And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and
       laud Him, all ye people.  And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a
       Root of Jesse, and He that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles;
       in Him shall the Gentiles trust" (vers. 9-12).

   Here, while not for a moment ignoring that revelation of the mystery of
   which he speaks in the closing chapter, Paul shows that the present
   work of God in reaching out in grace to the Gentiles, is in full
   harmony with Old Testament Scripture, while going far beyond anything
   that the Old Testament prophets ever dreamed of, and then he adds:

   "Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that
       ye may abound in hope through the power of the Holy Ghost" (ver.

   While there is a change of dispensation, there is no rude severing of
   Old Testament or Gospel revelation from that of the present age.  The
   one flows naturally out of the other, and the ways of God are shown to
   be perfectly harmonious.  This being so in connection with the Old
   Testament, how much more does the same principle apply in connection
   with the four Gospels.  While fully recognizing their dispensational
   place, and realizing that our Lord is presented in the three Synoptics
   as offering Himself as King and the kingdom of Heaven as such to
   Israel, only to meet with ever-increasing rejection, yet it should be
   plain to any spiritual mind that the principles of the kingdom which He
   sets forth are the same principles that should hold authority over the
   hearts of all who acknowledge the Lordship of Christ.  In john's Gospel
   the case is somewhat different, for there Christ is seen as the
   rejected One from the very beginning.  It is in chapter one that we
   read, "He came unto His own and His own received Him not." Then based
   upon that, we have the new and fuller revelation which runs throughout
   that Gospel of grace, flowing out to all men who have no merit whatever
   in themselves.

   But in Matthew, which is preeminently the dispensational Gospel, the
   Lord is presented as the Son of David first of all.  Then when it is
   evident that Israel will refuse His claims, He is presented in the
   larger aspect of Son of Abraham in whom all the nations of the earth
   shall be blessed.  The break with the leaders of the nation comes in
   chapter twelve, where they definitely ascribe the works of the Holy
   Spirit to the devil.  In doing this, they become guilty of blasphemy
   against the Holy Ghost, the crowning sin of that dispensation, which
   our Lord declares could not be forgiven either in that age or in the
   one to follow.  In chapter thirteen, we have an altogether new ministry
   beginning.  The Lord for the first time opens up the mysteries of the
   kingdom of Heaven, revealing things that had been kept secret from the
   foundation of the world, namely the strange and unlooked-for form that
   the kingdom would take here on earth after Israel had rejected the King
   and He had returned to Heaven.  This is set forth in the seven parables
   of that chapter, and gives us the course of Christendom during all the
   present age.

   As a rule, the ultra-dispensationalists would ignore all this and push
   these seven parables forward into the tribulation era after the Church,
   the Body of Christ, has been taken out of this scene.  But this is to
   do violence to the entire Gospel and to ignore utterly the history of
   the past 1900 years. just as in Revelation two and three we have an
   outline of the history of the professing Church presented under the
   similitude of the seven letters, so in Matthew 13 we have the course of
   Christendom in perfect harmony with the Church letters, portrayed in
   such a way as to make clear the distinction between the Church that man
   builds and that which is truly of God.  In chapter sixteen of Matthew's
   Gospel, the Lord declares for the first time that He is going to build
   a Church or assembly.  This assembly is to be built upon the Rock, the
   confession of the apostle Peter that Christ is the Son of the living
   God.  How utterly vain it is to try to separate this declaration from
   the statement in the Ephesian Epistle where we read,

   "Now therefore, ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but
       fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; and
       are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus
       Christ Himself being the chief corner stone; in whom all the
       building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the
       Lord: in whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God
       through the Spirit" (2: 19-22).

   Here in the preeminent prison epistle of which so much is made by the
   Bullingerites, you find that the Church then in existence is the Church
   our Lord spoke of building when He was here in the days of His flesh.
   The discipline of that Church is given in Matthew 18: 15-20:

   "Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him
       his fault between thee and him alone; if he shall hear thee, thou
       hast gained thy brother.  But if he will not hear thee, then take
       with thee one or two more, that in the -mouth of two or three
       witnesses every word may be established.  And if he shall neglect
       to bear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear
       the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican.
       Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be
       bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be
       loosed in heaven. Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall
       agree on earth as touching anything that they shall ask, it shall
       be done for them of My Father which is in heaven.  For where two or
       three are gathered together in My name, there am I in the midst of

   In Matthew sixteen you have the assembly as a whole, comprising all
   believers during the present dispensation.  Here in chapter eighteen,
   you have the local assembly in the position of responsibility on earth,
   and its authority to deal with evil-doers in corrective discipline.

   The complete setting aside of Israel for the present age is given us in
   chapter 23: 37-39,

   "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killst the prophets, and stonest
       them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy
       children together even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her
       wings, and ye would not! Behold, your house -is left unto you
       desolate.  For I say unto you, Ye shall not see Me henceforth, till
       ye shall say, Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord."

   In the light of the words, "Your house is left unto you desolate," how
   amazing the presumption that would lead any to declare, as practically
   all these extreme dispensationalists do declare, that Israel is being
   given a second trial throughout all the book of Acts, and that their
   real setting aside does not take place until Paul's meeting with the
   elders of the Jews after his imprisonment in Rome, as recorded in the
   last chapter of Acts.  The fact of the matter is that the book of Acts
   opens with the setting aside of Israel until the day when they shall
   say, "Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord." That is His
   second glorious coming.  In the interval, God is saving out of Israel
   as well as of the Gentiles, all who turn to Him in repentance.

   In Matthew twenty-four, we are carried on to the days immediately
   preceding that time when the Son of Man shall appear in glory, and we
   find the people of Israel in great distress, but a remnant called His
   "elect" shall be saved in that day.

   I pass purposely over chapter twenty-five as having no particular
   bearing on the outline, because a careful consideration of it would
   take more time and space than is here available.  The closing chapters
   give us the death and resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ, and then
   the commission of His apostles.  People who have never investigated
   Bullingerism and its kindred systems will hardly believe me when I say
   that even the great commission upon which the Church has acted for 1900
   years, and which is still our authority for world-wide missions, is,
   according to these teachers, a commission with which we have nothing
   whatever to do, that has no reference to the Church at all, and that
   the work there predicted will not begin until taken up by the remnant
   of Israel in the days of the Great Tribulation.  Yet such is actually
   the teaching.  In view of this, let us carefully read the closing
   verses of the Gospel:

   "Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain
       where Jesus had appointed them.  And when they saw Him, they
       worshipped Him: but some doubted.  And Jesus came and spake unto
       them, saying, All power is given unto Me in heaven and in earth.
       Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name
       of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: teaching them
       to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and lo, I am
       with you alway, even unto the end of the world.  Amen" (28: 16-20).

   According to the Bullingeristic interpretation of this passage, we
   should have to paraphrase it somewhat as follows: "Then the eleven
   disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had
   appointed them.  And when they saw Him, they worshipped Him: but some
   doubted.  And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is
   given unto Me in heaven and earth, and after two entire dispensations
   have rolled by, I command that the remnant of Israel who shall be
   living two thousand or more years later, shall go out and teach the
   nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son, and
   of the Holy Ghost, teaching them in that day to observe all things
   whatsoever I have commanded you, but from which I absolve all believers
   between the present hour and that coming age, and lo, I will be with
   that remnant until the close of Daniel's seventieth week." Can anything
   be more absurd, more grotesque-and I might add, more wicked-than thus
   to twist and misuse the words of our Lord Jesus Christ?

   In view of all this, may I direct my reader's careful attention to the
   solemn statement of the apostle Paul, which is found in I Timothy,
   chapter 6. After having given a great many practical exhortations to
   Timothy as to the instruction he was to give to the churches for their
   guidance during all the present age, the apostle says,

   "If any man teach otherwise and consent not to wholesome words, even
       the words of our Lord Jesus Christ' and to the doctrine which is
       according to godliness; he is proud, knowing nothing, but doting
       about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife,
       railings, evil surmisings, perverse disputings of men of corrupt
       minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is
       godliness: from such withdraw thyself" (I Tim. 6:3-5).

   One would almost think that this was a direct command to Timothy to
   beware of Bullingerism!  Notice, Timothy is to withdraw himself from,
   that is, to have no fellowship with, those who refuse the present
   authority of the words of our Lord Jesus Christ.  Where do you get
   those actual words?  Certainly in the four Gospels.  There are very few
   actual words of the Lord Jesus Christ scattered throughout the rest of
   the New Testament.  Of course there is a sense in which all the New
   Testament is from Him, but the apostle is clearly referring here to the
   actual spoken words of our Saviour, which have been recorded for the
   benefit of the saints, and which set forth the teaching that is in
   accordance with godliness or practical piety.  If a man refuses these
   words, whether on the plea that they do not apply to our dispensation,
   or for any other reason, the Spirit of God declares it is an evidence
   of intellectual or spiritual pride.  Such men ordinarily think they
   know much more than others, and they look down from their fancied
   heights of superior Scriptural understanding with a certain contempt,
   often not untinged with scornful amusement, upon godly men and women
   who are simply seeking to take the words of the Lord Jesus as the guide
   for their lives.

   But here we are told that such "know nothing," but are really in their
   spiritual dotage, "doting about questions and strifes of words." The
   dotard is generally characterized by frequent repetition of similar
   expressions.  We know how marked this symptom is in those who have
   entered upon a state of physical and intellectual senility.  Spiritual
   dotage may be discerned in the same way.  A constant dwelling upon
   certain expressions as though these were all important, to the ignoring
   of the great body of truth, is an outstanding symptom.  The margin, it
   will be observed, substitutes the word "sick" for "doting;"
   "word-sickness" is an apt expression.  The word-sick man over-estimates
   altogether the importance of terms.  He babbles continually about
   expressions which many of his brethren scarcely understand.  He is
   given to misplaced emphasis, making far more of fine doctrinal
   distinctions than of practical godly living.  As a result, his
   influence is generally baneful instead of helpful, leading to strife
   and disputation instead of binding the hearts of the people of God
   together in the unity of the Spirit.

   The well-known passage in the closing chapter of Mark's Gospel, which
   gives us another aspect of the great commission, having to do
   particularly with the apostles, is a. favorite battleground with the
   ultra-dispensationalists.  Ignoring again the entire connection, they
   insist that the commission given in verses fifteen and eighteen could
   only apply during the days of the book of Acts, inasmuch as certain
   signs were to follow them that believe.  As the commission in Matthew
   has been relegated by them to the Great Tribulation after the Christian
   age has closed, this one is supposed to have had its fulfilment before
   the present mystery dispensation began, and so has no real force now.
   They point out, what to them seems conclusive, that in this commission,
   as of course that in Matthew, water baptism is evidently linked with a
   profession of faith in Christ.  They are perfectly hydrophobic as to
   this.  The very thought of water sets them foaming with indignation.
   There must on no account be any recognition of water baptism during the
   present age.  It must be gotten rid of at all costs.  So here where we
   read that our Lord said, "Go ye into all the world and preach the
   gospel to every creature; he that believeth and is baptized shall be
   saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned" (Mark 16: 15,16),
   which would seem to indicate world-wide evangelism, looking out to the
   proclamation of the glad glorious Gospel of God to lost men everywhere,
   this commission must nevertheless be gotten rid of somehow.  The way
   they do it is this: The Lord declares that certain signs shall follow
   when this Gospel is proclaimed.  These signs evidently followed in the
   days of the Acts.  They declare they have never followed since.
   Therefore, it is evident that water baptism is only to go on so long as
   the signs follow.  If the signs have ceased, then water baptism
   ceases.  The signs are not here now, therefore no water baptism.  How
   amazingly clear (!!), though, as we shall see in a moment, absolutely
   illogical.  The signs accompanied preaching the Gospel.  Why continue
   to preach if such signs are not now manifest?

   The Matthew commission makes it plain that baptism in the name of the
   Trinity is to go on to the end of the age, and that age has not come to
   an end yet, whatever changes of dispensation may have come in.  Now
   what of this commission in Mark?  Observe first of all that our Lord is
   not declaring that the signs shall follow believers in the Gospel which
   is to be proclaimed by the Lord's messengers.  The signs were to follow
   those of the apostles who believed, and they did.  There were some of
   them who did not believe.  See verse eleven: "And they, when they had
   heard that He was alive and had been seen of her, believed not." Then
   again, notice verse thirteen: "They went and told it unto the residue;
   neither believed they them." And in the verse that follows, we read:
   "Afterward He appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and
   upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they
   believed not them which had seen Him after He was risen." Now our Lord
   commissions the eleven, sends them forth to go to the ends of the earth
   preaching the Gospel to every creature.  There is nothing limited
   here.  It is not a Jewish commission.  It has nothing to do with the
   restoration of the kingdom to Israel.  It is a world-wide commission to
   go to all the Gentiles, and to go forth preaching the Word.
   Responsibility rests upon those who hear.  They are to believe and be
   baptized.  Those who do are recognized among the saved.  On the other
   hand, He does not say, "He that is not baptized shall be damned,"
   because baptism was simply an outward confession of their faith, but He
   does say, "He that believeth not shall be damned."

   Then in verses seventeen and eighteen, we have what Paul later called
   "the signs of an apostle."

   "These signs shall follow them that believe: In My name shall they cast
       out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up
       serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt
       them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover."

   During all the period of the book of Acts, these signs did follow the
   apostles.  More than that, if we can place the least reliance upon
   early Church history, the same signs frequently followed other servants
   of Christ, as they went forth in obedience to this commission, and this
   long after the imprisonment of the apostle Paul.  We should expect this
   from the closing verses of Mark:

   "So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, He was received up into
       heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.  And they went forth, and
       preached everywhere, the Lord working with them, and confirming the
       Word with signs following" (Mark 16:19,20).

   In this last verse, Mark covers the evangelization of the world (not
   merely a message going out to the Jews), during all the years that
   followed until the last of the apostles, John himself, had disappeared
   from the scene.  I do not mean to intimate that Mark knew this, but I
   do mean that the Spirit of God caused him so to write this closing
   verse as to cover complete apostolic testimony right on to its
   consummation.  They preached everywhere, not simply in connection with
   Israel.  Yet in the face of this, the statement has been made over and
   over again by these ultradispensationalists, that the twelve never went
   to the Gentiles, excepting in the case of the apostle Peter and a few
   similar instances.  The statement has also been made that all miracles
   ceased with Paul's imprisonment, that there were no miracles
   afterwards.  What superb ignorance of Church history is here indicated,
   and what an absurd position a man puts himself in who commits himself
   to negatives like these!  An eminent logician has well said, "Never
   commit yourself to a negative, for that supposes that you are in
   possession of all the facts." If a man says there were no miracles
   wrought in the Church after the imprisonment of the apostle Peter, it
   means, if that statement is true, that he has thorough knowledge of all
   that has taken place in every land on earth where the Gospel has been
   preached, in all the centuries since the days of Paul's imprisonment,
   and knows all the work that every servant of Christ has ever done.
   Otherwise he could not logically and rationally make such a statement.

   What then is the conclusion?  It is wrongly dividing the Word of Truth
   to seek to rob Christians of the precious instruction given by our Lord
   Jesus in the four Gospels, though fully recognizing their
   dispensational place.  It is an offense against Christian missions
   everywhere to try to set aside the great commission for the entire
   present age.  It is not true that a definite limit is placed in
   Scripture upon the manifestation of sign gifts, and that such gifts
   have never appeared since the days of the apostles.

                              CHAPTER THREE

                         The Transitional Period

               Is the Church of The Acts the Body of Christ?

   HERE is perhaps nothing about which the ultradispensationalists are
   more certain, according to their own expressions, than that the book of
   the Acts covers a transitional period, coming in between the age of the
   law and the present age in which the dispensation of the mystery has
   been revealed.  They do not always agree as to the name of this
   intervening period.  Some call it the Kingdom Church; others the Jewish
   Church; and there are those who prefer the term Pentecostal
   Dispensation.  The general teaching is about as follows: It is affirmed
   that the coming of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost and His
   baptizing the one hundred and twenty and those who afterwards believed,
   did not have anything to do with the formation of the Church, the Body
   of Christ.  On the contrary, they insist that the Church throughout all
   of the book of Acts up to Paul's imprisonment was of an altogether
   lower order than that of the Epistle to the Ephesians.  Assemblies in
   Judea, Samaria, and the various Gentile countries, were simply groups
   of believers who were waiting for the manifestation of the kingdom, and
   had not yet come into the full liberty of grace.  The ordinances of the
   Lord's Supper and of baptism were linked with these companies and were
   to continue only until Israel had definitely and finally refused the
   Gospel message, after which the full revelation of the mystery is
   supposed to have been given to the apostle Paul when he was imprisoned
   at Rome.  From that time on a new dispensation began.  Surely this is
   wrongly confounding the Word of Truth.  How any rational and
   spiritually-minded person could ever come to such a conclusion after a
   careful reading of the book of Acts, and with it the various epistles
   addressed to the churches and peoples mentioned in that book, is more
   than some of us can comprehend.  Let us see what the facts actually

   In the first place, it is perfectly plain that the Church, the Body of
   Christ, was formed by the baptism of the Holy Spirit.  Very definitely
   this term is used of that great event which took place at Pentecost and
   was repeated in measure in Cornelius' household.  In each instance the
   same exact expression is used.  Referring to Pentecost, our Lord says,
   "Ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence" (Acts 1:
   5).  Referring to the event that took place in Cornelius' household,
   Peter says:

   "Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that He said, John indeed
       baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost.
       Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as He did unto us,
       who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was 1, that I could
       withstand God?" (Acts 11: 16,17).

   In 1 Corinthians 12: 12, 13, we read:

   "For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of
       that one body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ.  For by
       one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or
       Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to
       drink into one Spirit."

   Here we are distinctly informed as to the way in which the Body has
   been brought into existence, and this is exactly what took place at
   Pentecost.  Individual believers were that day baptized into one Body,
   and from then on the Lord added to the Church daily such as were
   saved.  It is a significant fact that if you omit this definite passage
   in I Corinthians, there is no other verse in any epistle that tells us
   in plain words just how the Body is formed; although we might deduce
   this from Ephesians 4: 4, where we read: "There is one Body and one
   Spirit." Undoubtedly this refers to the baptism of the Holy Spirit, by
   which the Body is formed, in contradistinction to water baptism in the
   next verse.  But this is simply interpretation, and all might not agree
   as to it.  But there can surely be no question as to the application of
   the passage in 1 Corinthians 12: 13.  Yet, singularly enough, the very
   people who insist that the Body is formed by the Spirit's baptism,
   declare that these Corinthians were not members of the Body, nor did
   that Body come into existence until at least four or five years

   A careful reading of the book of Acts shows us the gradual manner in
   which the truth of the new dispensation was introduced, and this is
   what has led some to speak of this book as covering a transitional
   period.  Personally, I have no objection to the term "transitional
   period," if it be understood that the transition was in the minds of
   men and not in the mind of God.  According to God, the new
   dispensation, that in which we now live, the dispensation of the grace
   of God, otherwise called the dispensation of the mystery, began the
   moment the Spirit descended at Pentecost.  That moment the one Body
   came into existence, though at the beginning it was composed entirely
   of believers taken out from the Jewish people.  But in the minds even
   of the disciples, there was a long period before they all fully entered
   into the special work that God had begun to do.  Many of them, in fact,
   probably never did apprehend the true character of this dispensation,
   as we shall see further on.

   The position is often taken that the twelve apostles were very ignorant
   of what the Lord was really doing, and that their entire ministry was
   toward Israel.  Have not such teachers forgotten that during the forty
   days that the Lord appeared to His disciples before ascending to
   Heaven, He taught them exactly what His program was, and the part they
   were to have in it?  In Acts 1: 3, 4, we read:

   "He also showed Himself alive after His passion by many in fallible
       proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things
       pertaining to the kingdom of God: and being assem bled together
       with them, commanded them that they should no; depart from
       Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith He,
       ye have heard of Me."

   And it was then that He distinctly told them of the coming baptism of
   the Holy Spirit.  According to the divine plan, the Gospel message was
   first to be proclaimed in Jerusalem,, then Judea, then Samaria, and
   then unto the uttermost parts of the earth.  This is exactly what we
   find in the book of Acts.  The earlier chapters give us the
   proclamation in Jerusalem and Judea.  Then we have Philip going down to
   Samaria, followed by John and Peter.  Later Peter goes to the house of
   Cornelius, and he and his household, believing the Gospel, are baptized
   by the same Spirit into the same Body.  The conversion of Saul of
   Tarsus prepares the way for a world-wide ministry, he being
   specifically chosen of God for that testimony.

   But before Saul's conversion, there were churches of God in many
   cities, and these churches of God together formed the Church of God;
   churches signifying local companies, but the Church of God taking in
   all believers.  Years afterwards, Paul writes, "I persecuted the Church
   of God and wasted it" (Gal. 1: 13).  And again, "For I am the least of
   the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I
   persecuted the Church of God" (I Cor. 15: 9).  The Church of God was to
   him one whole.  It was exactly the same Church of God as that of which
   he speaks in 1 Timothy 3: 15, when, writing to the younger preacher, he
   says: "That thou mightest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself 'in
   the house of God, which is the Church of the living God, the pillar and
   ground of the truth." In the meantime he had been cast into prison and
   had written all the rest of the so-called prison epistles, with the
   exception, of course, of Titus, which was written while he was at
   liberty, between his imprisonments, and 2 Timothy, which was written
   during his second imprisonment.*

   (* I make this statement on the supposition that the note at the end of
   I Timothy is correct, namely that the epistle was written from
   Laodicea, a place not visited by Paul before his first imprisonment. If
   written earlier the argument does not apply, except to show that Paul
   ever recognized the Church of God as one and undivided.)

   There is no hint of any difference having come in to distinguish the
   Church of God which he says he persecuted, from the Church of God in
   which Timothy was recognized as a minister of the Word.  It is one and
   the same Church throughout.

   Going back to Acts then, we notice that after his conversion, Paul is
   definitely set apart as the apostle to the Gentiles, and yet everywhere
   he goes, he first seeks out his Jewish brethren after the flesh,
   because it was God's purpose that the Gospel should be made known to
   the Jew first, and then to the Gentile.  In practically every city, the
   same results follow.  A few of the Jews receive the message; the bulk
   of them reject it.  Then Paul turns from the Jews to the Gentiles, and
   thus the message goes out to the whole world.  Throughout all of this
   period, covered by the ministries of Peter and Paul particularly, both
   baptism in water and the breaking of bread have their place.  The signs
   of an apostle follow the ministry, God authenticating His Word as His
   servants go forth in His Name.  However, it is perfectly plain that the
   nearer we get to the close of the Acts, the less we have in the way of
   signs and wonders.  This is to be expected.  In the meantime various
   books of the New Testament had been written, particularly Paul's
   letters to the Thessalonians, the Corinthians, and the Romans.  In all
   likelihood, the Epistle of James had also been produced, though we
   cannot definitely locate the time of its writing.  The Epistles of
   Peter and of John come afterward.  They were not part of the earlier
   written ministry.

   Everywhere that Paul goes, he preaches the kingdom as the Lord Himself
   has commanded, and finally he reached Rome a prisoner.  There,
   following his usual custom, though not having the same liberty as in
   other places, he gets in touch first with the leaders of the Jewish
   people, gives them his message, and then tells them that even though
   they reject it, yet the purpose of God must be carried out, and the
   salvation of God sent to the Gentiles.  This is supposed by many to be
   a dispensational break, but we have exactly the same thing in the
   thirteenth chapter of Acts.  There we read from verse 44 on, how the
   Jews in Antioch of Pisidia withstood the Word spoken by Paul, and Paul
   and Barnabas waxed bold, and said:

   "It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to
       you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy
       of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.  For so hath the
       Lord commanded us, saying, I have set Thee to be a light of the
       Gentiles, that Thou shouldest be or salvation unto the ends of the

   I ask any thoughtful reader: What difference is there between this
   account of Paul's dealing with the Jews, the proclamation of grace
   going out to the Gentiles, and that found in chapter 28 of this same
   book?  In the light of these two passages, may we not say that if Paul
   was given liberty, as we know he was, to preach for several years after
   his first imprisonment, he undoubtedly still followed exactly the same
   method of proclaiming the Gospel to the Jew first, and then to the
   Gentiles?  It is passing strange that these ultra-dispensationalists
   can overlook a passage like Acts 13, and then read so much into the
   similar portion in chapter 28. According to them, as we have pointed
   out, the dispensational break occurred at this latter time, after which
   Paul's ministry, they tell us, took an entirely different form.  It was
   then that the dispensation of the mystery was revealed to him, they
   say, which he embodied in his prison epistles.  He was no longer a
   preacher of the kingdom, but now a minister of the Body.  The theory
   sounds very plausible until one examines the text of Scripture itself.

   Let us look at the last two verses of Acts 28:

   "And Paul dwelt two whole years in his own hired house, and received
       all that came in unto him, preaching the kingdom of God and
       teaching those things which concern the Lord Jesus Christ, with all
       confidence, no man forbidding him."

   Now observe in chapter one, verse three, our Lord is said to have
   spoken to His disciples during the forty days of "the things pertaining
   to the kingdom of God." In the very last verse of the book, after
   Paul's supposed later revelation, he is still "preaching the kingdom of
   God;" certainly the next phrase, "teaching those things which concern
   the Lord Jesus Christ," implies continuance in exactly the same type of
   ministry in which he had been engaged before.  There is no hint here of
   something new.

   Now let us go back a little.  In chapter 20 of the book of Acts, we
   find the apostle Paul at Miletus on his way to Jerusalem.  From there
   he sent to Ephesus for the elders of the church.  We have a very
   touching account of his last interview with them.  Among other things,
   he says to them:

   "I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.  Take
       heed unto yourselves and to all the flock over which the Holy Ghost
       hath made you overseers, to feed the Church of God which He hath
       purchased with His own blood" (Acts 20:27,28).

   And then he commends these elders in view of the coming apostasy, not
   to some new revelation yet to be given, but "to God and the word of His
   grace, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among
   all them that are sanctified." Note particularly the breadth of the
   statement found in verse 27.  "All the counsel of God" had already been
   made known through Paul to the Ephesian elders before he went up to
   Jerusalem for the last time.  There is not a hint of a partial
   revelation, not a hint of a transitional period, but they already had
   everything they needed to keep them until the coming of the Lord Jesus

   I venture to say that the better one is acquainted with the book of
   Acts, the clearer all this will become.  It is truly absurd to attempt
   to make two Churches out of the redeemed company between Pentecost and
   the Lord's return.  The Church is one and indivisible.  It is the
   Church that Christ built upon the rock, namely the truth that He is the
   Son of the living God.  It is the Church of God which He purchased with
   the blood of His own Son.  That Church of God, Saul in his ignorance,
   persecuted.  Of that same Church of God, he afterwards became a member
   through the Spirit's baptism.  In that Church of God, Timothy was a
   recognized minister, not only before, but after Paul's imprisonment.

   In regard to the statement so frequently made that God was giving
   Israel a second chance throughout the book of Acts, it is evident that
   there is no foundation whatever for such a statement.  Our Lord
   definitely declared the setting aside of Israel for this entire age
   when He said, "Your house is left unto you desolate.  Ye shall not see
   Me again until ye say, Blessed is He that cometh in the name of the
   Lord!" It was after that house was left desolate that the glorious
   proclamation at Pentecost was given through the power of the Holy
   Spirit, offering salvation by grace to any in Israel who repented, and
   to as many as the Lord our God shall call, which, of course, includes
   the whole Gentile world.  Not once in any of the sermons recorded of
   Peter and of Paul do we have a hint that the nation of Israel is still
   on trial, and that God is waiting for that nation to repent in this
   age.  On the contrary, the very fact that believers are called upon to
   "save themselves from that untoward generation" is evidence of the
   complete setting aside of Israel nationally, and the calling out of a
   select company of those who acknowledge the claims of the Lord Jesus
   Christ.  By their baptism, they outwardly severed the link that bound
   them to the unbelieving nation, and thus came over onto Christian
   ground.  To this company, Gentile believers were later added, and these
   two together constitute the Body of Christ.  It is perfectly true that
   the Body as such is not mentioned in the book of Acts, and that for a
   very good reason.  In this book, we have the record of the beginning of
   the evangelization of the world, which involves, of course, not the
   revelation of the truth of the Body, but the proclamation of the
   kingdom of God, which none can enter apart from the new birth.

   A careful study of the epistles, taking particular note of the times at
   which, and the persons to whom, they were written. will only serve to
   make these things clearer.

                              CHAPTER FOUR

        When Was the Revelation of the Mystery of the One Body Given?

   IT IS contended by Bullingerites, and others of like ilk, that Paul did
   not receive the revelation of the mystery of the one Body until he was
   imprisoned in Rome, 63 A. D. Generally, too, the ground is taken that
   this revelation was given to him alone, and that the twelve knew
   nothing of it.  Let us see if these assertions will stand the test of
   Holy Scripture.

   We shall turn, first of all, directly to the writings of the apostle
   Paul, and examine the passages in which he refers to this subject.  The
   first one is found in the Epistle to the Romans which was written,
   according to the best authorities, in the year A. D. 60, at least three
   years before Paul's imprisonment, and certainly some time before he
   reached Rome, as in that letter he tells the Romans that he is
   contemplating the visit to them, and asks them to pray that it might be
   a prosperous one.  It might seem as though his prayer was not answered
   inasmuch as he reached Rome in chains, a prisoner for the Gospel's
   sake.  But God's ways are not ours, and we can be sure that in the
   light of eternity, we shall see that this was indeed one of the most
   prosperous voyages that anyone ever made.  Now in closing this epistle
   to the Romans, the apostle says in chapter 16, verses 25 to 2 7:

   "Now to Him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel,
       and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of
       the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, but now
       is made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according
       to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all
       nations for the obedience of faith: to God only wise, be glory
       through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen."

   Here we have the plain statement that Paul's preaching throughout the
   years had been in accordance with the revelation of the mystery
   previously kept secret, but at that time made manifest.  Moreover, he
   intimates that it had been already published abroad in writing, for he
   says, "It is made manifest (not exactly by the Scriptures of the
   prophets, as though he referred to Old Testament prophets, but) by
   prophetic writings," that is, his own and others.  And this
   proclamation of the mystery had been made known to all nations for the
   obedience of faith.

   Does anyone ask, How can any ultra-dispensationalist dare to say in the
   face of such a Scripture as this, that the mystery had not been made
   known and had not been previously preached before Paul was imprisoned
   at Rome?  If a simple believing Christian, he will probably be amazed
   at the answer.  Dr. Bullinger and others who follow him suggest that in
   all likelihood the last three verses of the Epistle to the Romans were
   not written by Paul when he sent the letter from some distant Gentile
   city, but that they were appended to the letter after he reached Rome
   and received the new revelation.  Is this unbelievable?  Nevertheless,
   it is exactly what these men teach.  It is higher criticism of the
   worst type and impugns the perfection of the Word of God.  For, even
   supposing their contentions were true, how absurd it would be for Paul
   to add these words after he reached Rome, to an epistle purporting to
   be written before he got there!  And how senseless it would be for him
   to speak while he was in prison, of a Gospel and a revelation which he
   was supposed to have preached in all the world, if he had never yet
   begun that proclamation.  Needless to say, the contention of Dr.
   Bullinger is an absolute fabrication.  It is the special pleading of a
   hard-driven controversialist, bound to maintain his unscriptural system
   at all costs, even to destroying the unity of the Word of God.

   Error is never consistent, and even the astute Bullinger has overlooked
   the fact that earlier in this very epistle, Paul declares the truth of
   the one Body just as clearly and definitely as he does in Ephesians or
   any later letter.  Notice particularly Romans 12: 4, 5:

   "For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the
       same office: so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and
       everyone members one of another."

   Could we have a clearer declaration than this of the truth of the
   mystery?  What ultra-dispensationalist will dare to say that this
   passage is an interpolation added in after years in order to make
   Romans fit with Ephesians?  God's Word is perfect and always exact.
   These unspiritual theorists invariably overtook something that
   completely destroys their unscriptural hypotheses.

   When then did Paul get this revelation of the truth of the one Body?
   He tells us he had been preaching it throughout the world among all
   nations.  The answer clearly is, he received it at the time of his
   conversion, when he cried in amazement, "Who art Thou, Lord?" and the
   glorified Saviour answered, "I am Jesus whom thou persecutest." This
   was the revelation of the mystery.  In that announcement our Lord
   declared that every Christian on earth is so indissolubly linked up
   with Him as the glorified Head in Heaven, that everything done against
   one of them is felt by the Head.  This is, the mystery-members of His
   Body, of His flesh, and of His bones.

   And moreover, this is in exact accord with certain statements elsewhere
   made in the book of Acts.  For instance, in chapter 5, verse 14, we

   "And believers were the more added to the Lord, multitudes both of men
       and women."

   This was before Paul's conversion.  Observe it does not simply say that
   they were added to the company of believers, nor even added to the
   assembly alone, but they were added to the Lord.  This is only by the
   baptism of the Holy Spirit.  Quite in keeping with this, when we turn
   to chapter 11: 22-24, we read concerning the character and ministry of
   Barnabas that,

   "He was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost, and of faith: and much
       people were added unto the Lord."

   Now no one was ever added to the Lord in any other way than by the
   baptism of the Holy Spirit.  So that clearly we have the Body of Christ
   here in the Acts, although the term itself is not used.

   When we turn to 1 Corinthians, the only epistle which gives us divine
   order for the regulation of the affairs of the churches of God here on
   earth, we have the plain statement of this mystery as we have already
   seen, in chapter 12: 12-14.

   "For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of
       that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.  For by
       one Spirit are we all baptized into one Body, whether we be Jews or
       Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to
       drink into one Spirit.  For the body is not one member, but many."

   It is absurd to say, as these ecclesiastical hobby-riders do, that the
   Body referred to here is not the same thing as the Body of Ephesians
   and Colossians.  It is a Body made up of those who formerly were Jews
   or Gentiles, bond or free, but are now all one in Christ.  And this
   Body has been formed by the baptism of the Holy Spirit.  In no other
   way was the Body of Christ brought into existence.  Objection has been
   raised that when the apostle goes on to apply practically the truth of
   our responsibility as members of the Body in our relation to each
   other, he uses the illustration of the eye and ear as members of the
   head, which, they tell us, he could not use if he thought of Christ as
   the Head of the Body, and was thinking of believers as one Body with
   Him.  But he tells us distinctly in the previous chapter that the Head
   of every man is Christ.  This could only be said of those who were
   linked with Him in this hallowed fellowship and members of this divine
   organism.  The great difference, of course, between the Body as
   presented in Corinthians and as in Ephesians is this: the Body in
   Ephesians embraces all saints living or dead as to the flesh, from
   Pentecost to the Rapture, whereas the Body in Corinthians embraces all
   saints upon the earth at any given time.  Seen thus in the place of
   responsibility, it is quite in keeping that the apostle should use the
   illustration that he does.  It is in vain for these
   ultra-dispensationalists to fight against responsibility.

   Recently I overheard a leader among them make this statement: "Whenever
   you get commandments of any kind, you are on Jewish ground, and you
   have given up grace." Yet in every epistle of the New Testament, we
   have commandments and exhortations insisting upon the believer's
   responsibility to recognize the government of God in this way.  Grace
   and government are not opposing principles, but are intimately linked
   together.  He who refuses the truth of responsibility does not thereby
   magnify grace, but rather is in danger of turning the grace of God into
   lasciviousness and becomes practically an antinomian, throwing off all
   restraint, professing to be saved by grace, but refusing to recognize
   the claims of Christ.

   Coming back then to consider the passage in I Corinthians, we have the
   truth of the Body clearly set forth, and are shown how it was brought
   into existence in a letter written at least four years before Paul's
   imprisonment; and he writes that letter to a group of believers who had
   been brought to a knowledge of Christ through his preaching some years
   before.  To them he says in verses 2 6, 2 7:

   "And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it, or one
       member be honored, all the members rejoice with it.  Now ye are the
       Body of Christ, and members in particular."

   Verse 26 only emphasizes what we have referred to above, that here we
   have the Body in the place of responsibility on earth.  Members in
   Heaven do not suffer. All members on earth do.  But it is objected
   again that in the Greek there is no definite article before the word
   "body," and therefore the passage should simply read, "Now ye are a
   Body of Christ," and so we are told this refers only to a local
   church.  This does not touch the question.  Every local church in
   apostolic days was the Body of Christ representatively in that place.
   It would be so today if it were not for the fact that so many unsaved
   people have been received into the membership of the local churches.
   According to the Word of God, there was only the one Body, and in any
   city where the Gospel had been preached and believed, that Body could
   be found as a local company.

   When we pass on to 2 Corinthians, we find the same precious truth
   ministered by the apostle long before he was imprisoned at Rome.  He
   tells us, in chapter 5: 16,17:

   "Wherefore henceforth know we no man after the flesh: yea though we
       have known Christ after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we Him
       no more.  Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature
       (or literally, this is a new creation): old things are passed away;
       behold, all things are become new."

   Could words more plainly set forth the truth of the mystery than
   these?  Old relationships ended and every believer brought into a new
   place altogether before God, and a new condition, so that Christ is now
   his Head, and he a member of the new creation.  And this was part of
   the preaching that the apostle had been declaring wherever he went
   during all the years of his ministry.

   We turn next to Galatians, a letter written, according to the best
   authority we have, a year earlier than Corinthians, and the
   ultra-dispensationalists are very sure that when Paul speaks of being
   baptized into Christ in this letter, there can be no reference to water
   baptism, but that he refers solely to the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
   I am not in agreement with them on this; but allowing for the moment
   that they are correct, then notice where it puts their theory.  Note
   carefully chapter 3: 26-29:

   "For ye are all the children (sons) of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
       For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on
       Christ.  There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor
       free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in
       Christ Jesus.  And if ye be Christ's then are ye Abraham's seed,
       and heirs according to the promise."

   Here again we are distinctly told that all the children of faith,
   Abraham's seed spiritually, are sons of God, and that all such as have
   been baptized into Christ have put on Christ, and that in Christ there
   is neither Jew nor Greek, nor any of the other distinctions according
   to nature, but all are one in Him.  Is there anything in the revelation
   of the mystery as given in Ephesians or Colossians that goes beyond
   this?  It is a clear definite statement of the absolute unity in Christ
   of those who before their conversion occupied different positions here
   on earth, some being Jews, some Gentiles, some free men, some slaves,
   some men, some women, but every distinction now obliterated in the new

   If any are foolish enough to object, as some have, that Abraham's seed
   is altogether different from the Body of Christ, then we turn to
   Ephesians itself, the epistle which they claim, above all others
   supports their unscriptural theory, and find their entire position is
   there completely disallowed.  In the first chapter of this glorious
   epistle, the apostle reminds the Ephesians of things that they have
   learned through his ministry in days gone by.  There is no hint that he
   is opening up to them something new, but he simply puts down in writing
   for permanent use, precious things already dear to them.  He reminds
   them that they have been blessed with all spiritual blessings in the
   heavenlies in Christ; that they have been chosen in Him before the
   foundation of the world in order that they might be holy and without
   blame before Him; that in love, He has predestinated them unto the
   place of sons by Christ Jesus, having taken them into favor in the
   Beloved.  Theirs is redemption through His blood, sins all forgiven
   according to the riches of I-Iis grace, and to them He has abounded in
   all wisdom and prudence, having made known the mystery of His will
   according to His good pleasure, which He hath purposed in Himself (see
   vers. 3-9).  He points them on to the full consummation of this mystery
   when in the administration of the completed seasons, that is, the last
   dispensation, He will head up in one all things in Christ, both
   heavenly and earthly, and He reminds them that we have already obtained
   an inheritance in Him, being predestinated according to the purpose of
   Him who worketh all things according to the counsel of His own will.
   We need to notice the pronouns used in verses 12 and 13.  He first
   speaks of converts from Israel, when he says, "That we should be to the
   praise of His glory, who first trusted in Christ." Then he refers to
   the Gentiles, such as these Ephesians had been, when in the next verse
   he says:

   "In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the
       gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye
       were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise which is the earnest
       of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased
       possession, unto the praise of His glory."

   Now observe carefully, he is far from intimating that he is at this
   time unveiling something of which they bad never heard before.  He
   carries them back in memory to the hour of their conversion, and
   declares that these things were true of them then.  And, because of
   this, he prays that they may have deeper understanding, not of new
   truth about to be revealed, but of blessed and wonderful things already
   made known.  In the second chapter, he deals specifically with the new
   creation, reminding them in verse 12 that they in time past were
   Gentiles who were called uncircumcision, and were in themselves without
   Christ and aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, strangers from the
   covenants of promise, having no hope and literally atheists in the
   world.  But now they have been made nigh by the blood of Christ.  The
   result is that they became members of that same Body into which their
   converted Jewish brethren had already been assimilated.  Notice
   carefully verses 14-18:

   "For He is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the
       middle wall of partition between us: having abolished in His flesh
       the enmity, even the law of commandments, contained in ordinances;
       for to make in Himself of twain one new man, so making peace; and
       that He might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross,
       having slain the enmity thereby: and came and preached peace to you
       which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.  For through Him
       we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father."

   The distinction between Jew and Gentile was abolished in ,the cross,
   not after Paul's imprisonment in Rome.  From that time on all who
   believed were brought into the Body of Christ through the one Spirit of
   verse 18.  What were the means used to effect this?  The preaching
   recorded in the book of Acts, for it is only that to which he can
   possibly refer, when he says (vers. 16,17):

   "That He might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having
       slain the enmity thereby, and came and preached peace to you which
       were afar off, and to them that were nigh."

   It was necessary that the message should first go to them that were
   nigh, as it did in the early chapters of Acts, and then to those that
   were afar off; but the result of that preaching was that all who
   believed were reconciled to God in one Body.

   In the last four verses of the chapter he shows the unity of the Church
   from the beginning.  The Church is the household of God.  It is also a
   great building, and he declares:

   "Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but
       fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; and
       are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets (New
       Testament prophets, of course), Jesus Christ Himself being the
       chief corner stone; in whom all the building fitly framed together
       groweth (note the tense; it is not yet completed, it is still in
       process of construction, but it is growing) unto an holy temple in
       the Lord; in whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of
       God through the Spirit."

   How blind must he be who can see in such a passage as this,
   disassociation of the Ephesian saints from the work which God began at
   Pentecost! They are builded into the same temple and rest upon the same

   This is made even clearer in the next chapter, where Paul gives us
   probably the fullest information concerning the one Body that we have
   anywhere in the New Testament, and, therefore, we must devote
   considerable time and space to it.  First, he tells us that he was a
   prisoner of Jesus Christ because of the Gentiles, and he explains that
   in the next few verses.  It was his devotion to the revelation of the
   mystery which is part of the dispensation of the grace of God, that
   resulted in his imprisonment.  He did not get this dispensation after
   he was in prison.  Then he insists that this revelation was not made in
   previous ages unto the sons of men, that is, it was not made known in
   Old Testament times.  But he tells us it is "now revealed unto His holy
   apostles and prophets by the Spirit." Now if I believed in
   over-emphasis as some do, I should like to print these words in very
   bold type, but to do so would be an insult to the intelligence of my
   readers.  I simply desire to ask their most careful attention to these
   words.  The Bullingerites tell us that the mystery was only made known
   to the apostle Paul, not to other apostles.  The apostle himself tells
   us here that "it is now revealed unto His holy apostles and prophets."
   Note not only the plural, but that others besides apostles had this
   revelation.  How utterly absurd would words like these be if he were
   referring to something that had just been secretly made known to him!
   But is it true that other apostles and prophets had already known if
   the mystery?  It is.  This he declares in these words.  What is that
   mystery?  Verse six is the answer.

   "That the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, and of the same Body, and
       partakers of His promise in Christ by the gospel."

   Thus they too become Abraham's seed, because they are children of

   The mystery then is not simply centered in the term "Body," but
   whatever expression may be used, the mystery is that during the present
   age all distinction between believing Jews and believing Gentiles is
   done away in Christ.  Was this mystery made known by other servants
   besides the apostle Paul?  It was.  The apostle John makes it known in
   his account of our Lord's ministry as given in the tenth chapter of his
   Gospel.  There we read that the Lord Jesus, as the Good Shepherd,
   entered into the sheepfold of Judaism to lead His own out into glorious
   liberty.  And cryptically He adds,

   "Other sheep I have which are not of this fold.  Them also I must
       bring, and there shall be one flock and one Shepherd."

   This is perhaps the earliest intimation of the mystery that we have.
   It was not committed to writing, of course, until some years after the
   epistle to the Ephesians was written.  But it shows us that John, as an
   apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, had received the revelation of the
   mystery even before the apostle Paul did.

   Then what of the apostle Peter?  We dare to say this same mystery was
   made known to him on the housetop of Simon's residence in Joppa, when
   he had the vision of the descending sheet from Heaven and saw in it all
   manner of beasts and creeping things, and heard the word from Heaven,

   "What God hath cleansed call thou not common," or unclean.

   This was to him an intimation that in Christ the distinction between
   Jew and Gentile was henceforth to be done away, and he makes it
   perfectly clear that this was his conviction when he stood up to preach
   in the household of Cornelius (Acts 10: 34 to end).  Moreover, his
   epistles emphasize the same fact, though not in the full way that those
   of the apostle Paul do.  John and Peter are apostles.  Are there any
   prophets who give evidence of having in measure at least understood
   this truth?  The greatest of all the New Testament prophets is Luke
   himself, and in his book of the Acts, the mystery is plainly made
   known, though not taught doctrinally.  We see God working in grace to
   unite Jew and Gentile into one Body.

   Turning back to Ephesians three, we find in verse seven that the
   apostle tells us that he was made a minister according to the gift of
   the grace of God for the very purpose of making known this mystery.  He
   says in verses eight and nine,

   "Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace
       given, that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable
       riches of Christ; and to make all men see what is the fellowship of
       the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been bid in
       God, who created all things by Jesus Christ."

   This had been his great responsibility throughout the years.  Because
   of this, he had suffered bitter persecution, on account of which he was
   even then in prison, but he is the more concerned that after his death
   there should be left on record such a full statement of this truth that
   no one could lose sight of it.

                              CHAPTER FIVE

                    Further Examination of the Epistles

   PASSING over for the present the Apostle Paul's presentation of the
   sevenfold unity of Christianity in Ephesians 4, and his identification
   of the Body and the Bride in chapter 5, which we shall discuss later,
   we turn now to others of the prison epistles to see if we can find the
   slightest intimation of a new revelation given after Paul reached
   Rome.  Unquestionably, Philippians was written during the Roman
   imprisonment.  But we search its four precious chapters in vain for the
   least suggestion that he has received anything new to unfold.  In
   chapter 1, where he presents Christ as the believer's life, he shows
   how thoroughly the evangelistic spirit had taken possession of him, so
   that even in his prison-cell he was rejoicing that Christ was being
   preached whether in pretence or in truth, and his own desire is that
   this same Christ may ever be magnified in his body, whether in life or
   in ,death.  He urges the saints to stand fast in one spirit contending
   for the very faith which he had already made known to them.  There is
   not a hint that he has now something new to reveal; that is, that the
   old dispensation to which they had hitherto belonged had come to a
   close, and that a new one had begun.  In chapter 2 he dwells on Christ
   as our Example, and shows how he himself and Timothy and Epaphroditus
   during the years had sought to follow in Christ's steps, and this is
   still before his soul.  In the third chapter he recounts his past
   experiences and self-confidence in the old days before be was saved,
   and then shows how the change was brought about by a sight of the risen
   Christ.  From that moment on, he counted all things as loss for the One
   who had won his heart, and he was pressing on toward the mark for the
   prize of the calling of God on high in Christ Jesus.  He calls upon
   them whom he designates as "perfect" to be thus minded.  "Perfect" here
   means "mature," or we might even say well-rounded, or well-balanced.
   Nothing is needed to give them this perfection in addition to what they
   already had.  Surely, if anywhere, this was the place to show them that
   hitherto they were but babes, and had only received an initial
   revelation, but that now he had something for them of an altogether new
   character which would perfect them in Christ.  But there is no word of
   any such added truth.  Nor yet in the last chapter where he exhorts to
   unity and peace among themselves.  May we not say that Paul is
   singularly remiss in not sharing with his old converts at Philippi the
   new revelation he had received, if such a thing were really true?

   But it was not true:-all the reasoning of the ultra-dispensationalists
   to the contrary notwithstanding;-for when we turn over to Colossians we
   find him once more reiterating the same truths he had proclaimed for a
   generation.  He shows that two ministries had been committed to him
   from the first.  He had been made a minister of the Gospel.  That
   Gospel has been preached in all the creation which is under heaven.  He
   had also been made a minister of "the mystery which hath been hidden
   from ages and generations, but now," he says, "is made manifest to His
   saints: to whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of
   this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in (or, among) you,
   the hope of glory: whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching
   every man in all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in
   Christ Jesus: whereunto I also labor, striving according to His
   working, which worketh in me mightily" (Col. 1: 26-29).

   Let it be carefully observed that he is here covering his entire
   ministry.  He had no such opportunity to preach to multitudes while he
   was in his Roman, or as some think, his Caesarean prison at the time he
   wrote this epistle. But he tells us what had characterized his ministry
   throughout the years.  Other saints there were whom he had not met
   personally, as well as those at Colosse.  He thinks of the Laodicean
   believers, and he longs that they all may be brought into the knowledge
   of this mystery.  But it is not something new.  It is that which has
   ever characterized his teaching.

   The Epistle of Titus is not of course a prison epistle at all, but it
   was written later than any of those that are so designated, excepting
   Second Timothy.  In this letter Paul instructs the younger preacher,
   Titus, as to the divine order for local churches, the work of a true
   pastor, and the testimony committed to the servants of God.  Surely
   here, if anywhere, we should expect him to put before Titus the fact
   that the "transitional period" has now come to an end and Titus must
   ring the changes as the ultra-dispensationalists do to-day, on "body
   truth," "closed doors," "Jewish Gospels," "Kingdom Age," etc., etc., ad
   nauseam.  But, no; none of these terms so frequently used and played
   upon until one is wearied, are suggested to Titus.  He is simply to go
   on preaching and teaching the very same things that have been taught
   during his earlier association with the Apostle Paul.

   The brief letter to Philemon we may pass over, as we would hardly
   expect to find anything doctrinal in it; and yet even here if Paul's
   heart were throbbing with the joy of some absolutely new opening up of
   truth, we would almost wonder how be could help saying a word about it,
   at least to his friend Philemon.

   Hebrews was undoubtedly written very shortly before the apostle's
   martyrdom, granting that it is from the pen of Paul.  That this is so,
   I have tried to make clear in my book on the Epistle to the Hebrews,
   and I shall not attempt to go into it now.  But in any case, it was
   undoubtedly written very shortly before the destruction of Jerusalem,
   and here if anywhere, one might expect these Hebrew believers to be
   told that the "kingdom age" is now over, "the transition period" has
   now been finished, and it is for them to accept the new revelation of
   "body truth." But we search in vain for anything of the kind.  It is
   simply a normal presentation of the precious things of Christ, showing
   how completely Old Testament types have had their fulfilment in Him and
   His finished work, and that all who believe now come under the
   blessings of the new covenant.

   Probably later than Hebrews is the second letter to Timothy.  It was
   penned during Paul's second imprisonment, very shortly before his
   death.  As this occurred in A. D. 66 or 67, we may see how far along we
   have come and still no mention of any new revelation.  So far as the
   truth that is dealt with is concerned, Second Timothy might have been
   written any time before the first imprisonment.  It is in perfect
   harmony with all the apostle's previous ministry.

   But now there are other Epistles to be considered.  We have already
   seen that Paul makes no claim to being the sole depository of the
   revelation of the mystery.  He says it was made known to Christ's holy
   apostles and prophets by the Spirit, and so we turn to consider the
   writings of other apostles and prophets asking, "Have we in them any
   intimation of a new revelation after Paul went to Rome?"

   We may dismiss the Epistle of James as not touching on this question.
   It is addressed definitely to the twelve tribes scattered abroad, and
   is God's last word, as it were, to those of Israel who were still more
   or less linked in spirit to the synagogue.  Bullingerites generally
   tell us that James was the first epistle to be written but this is
   absurd on the face of it.  It is quite evident that James is a
   corrective epistle.  It must have been written after the doctrine of
   justification by faith, as proclaimed by Paul, had been widely
   preached, for James writes to check those who were abusing that
   doctrine and using it as an occasion for the flesh.  No one can read
   chapter 2 thoughtfully without seeing that it is based upon, and has in
   view throughout, Paul's teaching in Romans 4. James does not contradict
   Paul in the slightest degree, but he does show that there is another
   justification than that of which Paul speaks.  The great apostle to the
   Gentiles deals particularly with justification by faith before God.
   James, the apostle to the twelve tribes, emphasizes justification by
   works before men.

   First Peter was probably written before Paul's second imprisonment.
   Second Peter was certainly written afterwards, and all of Paul's
   letters were already in circulation when this epistle was penned.  Note
   Peter's own words: "And account that the long-suffering of our Lord is
   salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the
   wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; as also in all his
   epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things
   hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable
   wrest, as they do also the other Scriptures, unto their own
   destruction" (2 Pet. 3: 15, 16).  It is impossible to understand these
   verses excepting in the light of the fact that all the Epistles of Paul
   were already in circulation.  Does Peter then tell us that a new
   dispensation had come in, and that the middle wall between Jew and
   Gentile having now for the first time been broken down and the one Body
   formed, the believers to whom he writes, who were of Jewish extraction,
   are to recognize this new revelation?  Not at all.  Peter has never
   heard of any such thing.  He puts Paul's writings on the same plane as
   the other Scriptures, but warns against the danger of misunderstanding,
   and so wresting them.

   Long years after all the other apostles had gone home to heaven, we
   find the aged John still preserved in life and caring for the churches
   of God.  According to apparently reliable Church History, he made his
   home in Ephesus, and moved about in old age among the other churches
   mentioned in the first three chapters of the Book of the Revelation,
   those churches which the Bullingerites declare never existed in the
   past but are still to arise as Jewish Assemblies in the Great
   Tribulation!  Could anything be much more grotesque?

   John's Epistles were written, according to the very best authority we
   have, some time in the last decade of the first century of the
   Christian era.  Weigh this well.  Paul had been in heaven for nearly
   thirty years.  John was an inspired apostle, and surely would know, if
   any one did, of the new revelation and its importance.  But we search
   his letters in vain for the least reference to anything of the kind.
   In fact, we find the very opposite.  False teaching had come in, and he
   writes to garrison the hearts of the saints against it.  In order to do
   this, he refers them back to that which was from the beginning, namely,
   to the teaching of our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and His apostles, as a
   careful reading of his first Epistle makes abundantly clear.  There is
   not the slightest basis for the thought that a fuller unfolding of
   truth had been vouchsafed to Paul and others about thirty years after
   Christ's ascension.  It is the message that they had heard from the
   beginning which he again commends to them.

   Let us imagine the late Dr. Bullinger, or some of his lesser
   satellites, living, not in the twentieth century, but in the closing
   days of the first century of the Christian era. Filled with their ideas
   of a new revelation given to Paul in prison, can you by any stretch of
   the imagination think of them writing epistles or treatises in which no
   reference whatever is made to the supposedly new doctrines?  The fact
   of the matter is that these men today can scarcely open their mouths
   without speaking of these things.  No matter what text they begin to
   expound, they almost invariably wind up with something about their
   system of rightly dividing the Word of Truth, and the importance of
   making the fine distinctions which they imagine they see in the Word.
   Yet inspired men like Peter and John, and without particularly going
   into it, we may add Jude, can expound and apply the Truth of God in the
   fullest possible way without any reference to anything of the kind.
   What is the only legitimate conclusion?  It is that this whole
   ultra-dispensational system is an idle dream unsupported by the
   testimony of the inspired writings.

   Error is never consistent.  It always over-emphasizes some point
   generally unimportant and fails to recognize other things of great
   importance.  Heresy is simply a school of opinion in which something is
   particularly pressed out of proportion to its logical place.  Who would
   dare to say that this system we have been attempting to refute is not
   therefore heretical?  Mark, I do not mean to class it with what Peter
   calls "damnable heresies," but it is certainly schismatic, and its
   votaries constitute a special school of opinion within the professed
   Church of God, a school that attaches great importance to something
   which after all is not evident to the vast majority of devoted and
   godly believers.  That the effect of this can only be division and
   harmful, is not only self-evident, but has been abundantly manifest in
   many places.  The Holy Spirit says, "A man that is an heretick after
   the first and second admonition reject; knowing that he that is such is
   subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself" (Titus 3: 10, 11).
   This is as certainly the Word of God as anything else revealed in the
   Scripture of Truth.

                              CHAPTER SIX

                    Is the Church the Bride of the Lamb?

   ONE of the first positions generally taken by the
   ultra-dispensationalists is that it is unthinkable that the Church
   should be the Body of Christ, and yet at the same time be identified
   with the Bride of the Lamb.  They insist that there is a mixing of
   figures here which is utterly untenable.  How, they ask with scorn,
   could the Church be both the Bride and a part of the Body of the
   Bridegroom?  Some even go farther and suggest that Christians who all
   down through the centuries have had no difficulty as to the two figures
   (recognizing the fact that they are figures, and therefore that there
   need be no confusion in thought when it comes to harmonizing both), are
   actually guilty of charging Deity with spiritual polygamy!  I would not
   put such an abominable thought in writing, but it is their own
   expression which I have heard again and again.  They point out, what
   all Bible students readily admit, that in the Old Testament, Israel is
   called the bride and the wife of Jehovah.  "Then," they exclaim, "how
   can the Lord have two wives without being guilty of the very thing that
   He Himself condemns in His creatures here on earth?"

   In view of such absurd deductions, it will be necessary to examine with
   some care just how these figures are used.  In the first place, we find
   God using a number of different figurative expressions in speaking of
   Israel.  He declares Himself to be their Father, that is, the Father of
   the nation, and Israel is called His son.  "Out of Egypt have I called
   My son" (Hosea 11: 1), and, "Let My son go, that be may serve Me"
   (Exod. 4: 23).  In other places similar expressions are used, and yet
   the prophets again and again speak of Israel as the wife of Jehovah,
   and the later prophets depict her as a divorced wife because of her
   unfaithfulness, some day to be received back again, when she has been
   purged from her sins.  But it is important to see that a divorced wife
   can never again be a bride, even though she may be forgiven and
   restored to her wifely estate.  What incongruity do we have here if we
   are to interpret Scripture on the principle of the Bullingerites.  Here
   is a son who is also a wife.  What utter absurdity!

   Then again we have Israel depicted as a vine.  "God brought a vine out
   of Egypt" (Ps. 80: 8), and, "Israel is an empty vine; he bringeth forth
   fruit for himself" (Hosea 10: 1). In many other places, the same figure
   is used.  Elsewhere we have this favored nation spoken of as the
   priests of the Lord, occupying a special position throughout all the
   millennium, as though they were intermediaries between the Gentiles and
   Jehovah Himself.  Other similitudes are used, but these are enough to
   show that there is no attempt made in Scripture to harmonize every
   figure.  Each one is used as suits God's purpose for the moment.  So
   the nation which at one time is viewed as a son is seen on another
   occasion as a vine, and elsewhere as a wife, and again as a nation of

   This being so in connection with Israel, why need we be surprised if a
   similar diversity of terms is used in connection with the Church?  When
   our Lord first introduces the subject of the new order, He speaks of
   the Church as a building: "Upon this rock I will build My Church"
   (Matt. 16:18). The apostle Paul views the Church in the same way in 1
   Corinthians 3: 9, 10), "I have laid the foundation, and another
   buildeth thereon.  Ye are God's building." Again in Ephesians 2: 19-22:
   "Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but
   fellow-citizens with the saints, and of the household of God: and are
   built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ
   Himself being the chief corner stone; in whom all the building fitly
   framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: in whom ye
   also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit."
   In regard to this passage, please take note that if the Bullingerites
   are correct, we have here a building suspended in the air with a great
   gap between the foundation and the superstructure; for this building is
   said to rest upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, but
   according to the views of those we are discussing, we must separate in
   a very definite way the New Testament apostles and prophets of the book
   of Acts from the Ephesian church, which is supposed to be a different
   company altogether.  The absurdity of this becomes the more apparent as
   we see how we would have to do damage to the picture of the building as
   used here by the apostle Paul.  The fact is the Church of Acts and that
   of the prison epistles is one and indivisible.  In I Timothy 3: 15, he
   speaks of "the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the
   pillar and ground of the truth." The apostle Peter looks at the Church
   in exactly the same way, as a company of living stones built upon the
   Living Stone, our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Pet. 2: 5).

   We have already seen that the figure of the Body is used in a number of
   Paul's writings, not only in the prison Epistles, but in Romans and 1
   Corinthians, to set forth the intimate relationship subsisting between
   Christ in glory and His people on earth, whereas the house expresses
   stability, and tells us that the Church is a dwelling place for God in
   this world, as the temple was of old.  The Body speaks of union with
   Christ, by the indwelling Spirit.  But Paul sees no incongruity
   whatever in changing the figure from that of the Body to the Bride.  In
   the fifth chapter of Ephesians he glides readily from one to the other,
   and no violence whatever is done to either view.  He shows us that a
   man's wife is to be regarded as his own body.  And in the latter part
   of that chapter, where he goes back to the marriage relationship as
   originally established by God, he says:

   "Therefore as the Church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to
       their own husbands in everything.  Husbands, love your wives, even
       as Christ also loved the Church, and gave Himself for it; that He
       might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the
       Word, that He might present it to Himself a glorious Church, not
       having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be
       holy and without blemish.  So ought men to love their wives as
       their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. For no
       man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it,
       even as the Lord the Church: for we are members of His body, of His
       flesh, and of His bones.  For this cause shall a man leave his
       father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two
       shall be one flesh.  This is a great mystery: but I speak
       concerning Christ and the Church.  Nevertheless let every one of
       you in particular so love his wife even as himself: and the wife
       see that she reverence her husband" (vers. 24-33).

   Surely nothing could be plainer than that we are to understand the
   relationship of Adam and Eve at the very beginning was intended by God
   to set forth the great mystery of Christ and the Church.  Writing to
   the Corinthians at an earlier date, he said, "I have espoused you as a
   chaste virgin unto Christ," and Christian behavior is shown to spring
   from the responsibility connected with that espousal.  The Church is
   viewed as an affianced bride, not yet married-, but called upon to be
   faithful to her absent Lord until the day when she will be openly
   acknowledged by Him as His Bride.  It is this glorious occasion that
   John brings before us in the nineteenth chapter of the book of
   Revelation.  It is of no earthly bride he is speaking, but of the
   heavenly.  After the destruction of the false harlot, Babylon the
   Great, the marriage supper of the Lamb is celebrated in the Father's
   house, and all saints are called upon to rejoice because the marriage
   of the Lamb has come and His wife hath made herself ready.  At the
   judgment-seat of Christ, she receives from His hand the linen garments
   in which she is to be arrayed at the marriage feast.  Notice that on
   this occasion we have not only the Bride and the Bridegroom, but we
   read, "Blessed are they that are called to the marriage supper of the
   Lamb." These invited guests are distinguished from the Bride herself.
   They of course are another group of redeemed sinners, namely, Old
   Testament saints, and possibly some Tribulation saints who have been
   martyred for Christ's sake.  These are the friends of the Bridegroom
   who rejoice in His happiness when He takes His Bride to Himself.

   All down through the Christian centuries believers have revelled in the
   sweetness of the thought of the bridal relationship, setting forth, as
   no other figure does, the intensity of Christ's love for His own.  How
   truly we may sing:

   "The bride eyes not her garment,
       But her dear Bridegroom's face;
       I will not gaze on glory,
       But on my King of grace;
       Not at the crown He giveth,
       But on His pierced hand;
       The Lamb is all the glory
       Of Immanuel's land."

   How much we would lose if we lost this!  And yet one is pained
   sometimes to realize how insensible Christians who ought to know
   better, can be as to its preciousness.  I remember on one occasion
   hearing an advocate of the system we are reviewing exclaim, "I am not
   part of the Bride; I am part of the Bridegroom Himself.  I belong to
   Christ's Body, and His Body is far more precious to Him than His
   Bride." I replied, "You mean then that you think far more of your own
   body than you do of your wife!  " He was rather taken back, as he might
   well be.

   But after all, if Israel is a divorced wife to be restored some day,
   and the Church is also a bride, is there not ground for what some have
   called "spiritual polygamy?" Certainly not.  Similar figures may be
   used in each dispensation to illustrate spiritual realities; and then
   it is important to see that Israel is distinctively called the wife of
   Jehovah, whereas the Church is the Bride of the Lamb.  Israel's nuptial
   relationship is with God Himself apart altogether from any question of
   incarnation.  The Church is the Bride of the Incarnate One who became
   the Lamb of God for our redemption.  Who would want to lose the
   blessedness of this?

   In the last chapter of the book of the Revelation, we have added
   confirmation as to the correctness of the position taken in this
   paper.  In verse 16, our Lord Jesus declares Himself as the Coming One,
   saying, "I am the Root and Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning
   Star." In the very next verse we are told, "And the Spirit and the
   Bride say, Come." Here we have the Church's response to our Lord's
   declaration that He is the Morning Star.  The morning star shines out
   before the rising of the sun.  It is as the Morning Star Christ comes
   for His Church.  Unto Israel, He will arise as the Sun of Righteousness
   with healing in His wings.  And so here the moment the announcement is
   made which indicates His near return, the Spirit who dwells in the
   Church, and the Bride actuated by the Spirit, cry with eager longing,
   "Come," for the word is addressed to Him.  How truly absurd it would be
   to try to bring Israel in here as though the earthly people were those
   responding to the Saviour's voice during this present age!

   But so determined are these ultra-dispensationalists to take from the
   Church everything that is found in the book of Revelation, that they
   even insist that the letters addressed to the churches in chapters 2
   and 3 are all for Israel too.  Ignoring the fact that the apostle John
   had labored for years in the Roman proconsular Province of Asia, that
   he was thoroughly familiar with all these seven churches, they
   nevertheless even go so far as to deny that some of these churches had
   any existence in the first century of the Christian era, when John
   wrote the Apocalypse, although Sir William Ramsay's researches have
   proven the contrary.  On the other hand ' they declare that all of
   these churches are to rise up in the future after the Body has been
   removed to Heaven, and that then the seven letters will have their
   application, but have no present bearing upon the consciences of the
   saints.  I cannot conceive of anything more Satanic than this.  Here
   are churches actually raised up of God through the preaching of the
   Gospel.  Ephesus we know well.  Laodicea is mentioned in the letter to
   the Colossians. The other churches we may be sure existed at the time
   and in exactly the state that John depicts, and the risen Christ
   addresses these churches in the most solemn way, and seven times over
   calls upon all exercised souls to give heed to what he says to each
   one, crying, "He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith
   unto the churches." In these letters, we have depicted every possible
   condition in which the churches of God can be found from Apostolic days
   to the end of the Christian era.  More than that: we have in a mystic
   way the moral and spiritual principles of the entire course of Church
   History portrayed.  All this should have immense weight with us as
   believers, and should speak loudly to our consciences; but along comes
   the Bullingerite and, with a wave of his interpretative wand, dismisses
   them entirely for the present age, airily declaring that they have no
   message for us whatever, that they are all Jewish, and will only have
   their place in the Great Tribulation after the Church is gone!  And
   thus the people of God who accept this unscriptural system are robbed
   of not only the precious things in which these letters abound, but
   their consciences become indifferent to the solemn admonitions found
   therein.  Surely this is a masterpiece of Satanic strategy, whereby
   under the plea of rightly dividing the Word of Truth, the Scriptures
   are so wrongly divided that they cease to have any message for God's
   people today, and the Word of the Lord is made of no effect by this
   unscriptural tradition.  And yet the Lord in instructing John, says,
   "Write the things which are." It is the present continuous tense.  It
   might be rendered, "The things which are now going on." "Not at all,"
   exclaims the Bullingerite.  "These are the things which are not going
   on, neither will they have any place so long as the Church of God is on
   earth." Others may accept this as deep teaching and advanced truth.
   Personally, I reject it as a Satanic perversion calculated to destroy
   the power of the Word of God over the souls of His people.

                              CHAPTER SEVEN

             Do Baptism and the Lord's Supper Have Any Place in
                the Present Dispensation of the Grace of God?

   IT is most distressing to one who has revelled in the grace of God for
   years, but has recognized on the other hand that grace produces loving
   obedience in the heart of the believer, to read the puerile and
   childish diatribes of the ultra-dispensationalists, as they inveigh
   against the Christian ordinances as though observance of these in some
   way contravened the liberty of Grace.  Insisting that Paul had a new
   ministry revealed to him after Acts 28, and that this ministry is given
   only in the so-called prison epistles, they make a great deal of the
   fact that in these epistles we do not have any distinct instruction as
   to the baptizing of believers, or the observance of the Lord's Supper.

   We have already seen, I trust clearly, that Paul himself disavows any
   new revelation having been given him after his imprisonment, but
   insists that the mystery was that very message which he had already
   made known to all nations for the obedience of faith.  It was but part
   of that whole counsel of God which he had declared to the Ephesians
   long before his arrest.  These brethren, by a process of sophistical
   reasoning, try to prove that baptism belonged only to an earlier
   dispensation and was in some sense meritorious, as though it had in
   itself saving virtue, but that since the dispensation of grace has been
   fully revealed, there is no place for baptism, because of changed
   conditions for salvation.  To state this argument is but to expose its

   Let one point be absolutely clear: No one was ever saved in any
   dispensation on any other ground than the finished work of Christ.  In
   all the ages before the cross, God justified men by faith; in all the
   years since, men have been justified in exactly the same way.  Adam
   believed God and was clothed with coats of skin, a picture of one
   becoming the righteousness of God in Christ.  Abraham believed God, and
   it was counted to him for righteousness.  Nevertheless, afterwards he
   was circumcised; but that circumcision, the apostle tells us, was
   simply a seal of the righteousness he had by faith.  And throughout all
   the Old Testament dispensation, however legalistic Jews may have
   observed the ordinance of circumcision and thought of it as having in
   itself some saving virtue, it still remained in God's sight, as in the
   beginning, only a seal, where there was genuine faith, of that
   righteousness which He imputed.  The difficulty with many who reason as
   these Bullingerites do, is that they cannot seem to understand the
   difference between the loving loyal obedience of a devoted heart, and a
   legal obedience which is offered to God as though it were in itself
   meritorious.  No one was ever saved through the sacrifices offered
   under law, for it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats
   should take away sin.  Nevertheless, wherever there was real faith in
   Israel, the sacrifices were offered because of the instruction given in
   the Word of God, and in these sacrifices the work of Christ was
   pictured continually.

   When John the Baptist came in the way of righteousness, he called on
   men to confess their sinfulness and their just desert of death by
   baptism, and so we read that the publicans and sinners "justified God,
   being baptized with the baptism of John." There was no merit in the
   baptism.  It was the divinely appointed way of acknowledging their
   sinfulness and need of a Saviour.  Therefore it is called a baptism
   "unto repentance for the remission of sins." They were like men in
   debt, giving their notes to the divine creditor.  A note does not pay a
   debt but it is an acknowledgment of indebtedness.  Christ's baptism was
   simply Ms endorsement of all of these notes.  When He said to John, who
   would have hindered Him from being baptized, "Suffer it to be so now,
   for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness," it was as though
   He said, "In this way I pledge Myself to meet every righteous demand of
   the throne of God on behalf of these confessed sinners." And this is
   surely what He had in mind when, three years later, He exclaimed, "I
   have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be
   accomplished!" (Luke 12: 50).  On the cross He met the claims of
   righteousness and thus fulfilled the meaning of His baptism.

   Christian baptism has its beginning in resurrection.  It was the risen
   Christ about to be glorified who commissioned His apostles to go out,
   not simply to Jews, observe, nor yet to proclaim a second offer of the
   kingdom, as some say, but to carry the Gospel to men of all nations,
   baptizing those who professed to believe, in (or, unto) the name of the
   Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.  This we see them
   literally doing throughout the early days of the Church, as recorded in
   the Book of Acts.  Wherever the Gospel is preached, baptism is linked
   with it, not as part of the Gospel, for Paul distinctly says, "Christ
   sent me not to baptize, but to preach the Gospel," but as an outward
   expression of faith in the Gospel.  It is evident in the Book of Acts
   that there is a somewhat different presentation of this, according as
   to whether the message is addressed to Jews in outward covenant
   relation with God or to Gentiles who are strangers to the covenants of
   promise.  Paul calls these two aspects of the one Gospel, the Gospel of
   the circumcision and the Gospel of the uncircumcision.  The Jew being
   already a member of a nation which, up to the cross, had been
   recognized as in covenant relationship with God, was called upon to be
   baptized to save himself from that untoward generation. That is, to
   step out, as it were, from the nation, no longer claiming national
   privilege, nor yet being exposed to national judgment.  With the
   Gentile, it was otherwise.  He was simply called upon to believe the
   Gospel, and believing it, to confess his faith in baptism.  And this
   abides to the end of the age as our Lord Himself clearly declared in
   the closing verses of Matthew 2 8. There has never been any change in
   the order.

   It has been said that the baptism of the Holy Spirit superseded water
   baptism, but Scripture teaches the very contrary.  Cornelius and his
   household were baptized with the Holy Spirit when they believed the
   Word spoken by Peter.  But the apostle, turning to his Jewish brethren,
   immediately asks: "Who can forbid water that these should not be
   baptized which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?" And they
   were at once baptized by authority of the Lord Jesus, which is what the
   expression "in the name of" involves.  This was not a meritorious act.
   It was a blessed and precious privilege granted to this Gentile
   household upon the evidence of their faith in Christ.

   It has been objected that the apostle Paul himself makes light of
   baptism and was really glad that he had not baptized many at Corinth.
   It is surely a most shifty kind of exegesis that would lead any one to
   make such a statement.  In the record in Acts, where we read of Paul's
   ministry in Corinth, we are told that many of the Corinthians hearing,
   believed and were baptized.  Paul did not himself do the baptizing,
   save in a few instances, but he certainly saw that it was done, and the
   Holy Spirit evidently quotes the record with approval.  Why then did
   Paul thank God in First Corinthians 1, that he had baptized so few?
   The answer is perfectly plain.  Because the Corinthians were making
   much of human leaders and he saw the tendency to glory in man.  He knew
   that if there were many there who had been baptized by him, they would
   be likely, under the prevailing conditions, to pride themselves upon
   the fact that he, the apostle to the Gentiles, had been the one who
   baptized them.  But far from making light of baptism, when he chides
   them for their sectarian spirit, he shows them that the only name
   worthy of exaltation is the name of the One by whose authority they had
   been baptized.

   As to the various disputed scriptures in Romans 6: 3, 4; Colossians 2:
   12; Ephesians 4: 5; and Galatians 3: 27, where baptism is mentioned
   without any definite indication as to whether it is water or Spirit,
   one thing at least is perfectly clear.  Water baptism is necessarily
   implied, because Spirit baptism is but a figurative expression, and
   water baptism was the act upon which the figure was based.  This comes
   out in the first mention of Spirit baptism.  "I indeed," says John,
   "baptize you with water" (this then was the actual literal baptism),
   "but He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire." It is
   not literal baptism in the Holy Spirit.  It is not literal fire, but
   figurative.  If this be but kept in mind, there would be no confusion.
   Baptism in water pictures both burial and resurrection.  On this Paul
   bases his instruction in Romans 6 and Colossians 2:12. Thus water
   baptism marks people out as belonging to Christ by profession, and
   therefore is the basic thought in Galatians 3: 27, even though it is by
   the Spirit's baptism that people are actually united to Christ.

   There has been much disputation regarding the passage in Ephesians 4,
   but without laying special stress on the importance of water baptism,
   it is very evident that the passage would have no meaning if water
   baptism, as well as that of the Spirit, were not in view.  Let me try
   to make this plain.  In the opening verses, the apostle calls upon the
   Ephesian believers, and of course all Christians, to walk worthy of the
   vocation wherewith they have been called, and he lays stress on the
   importance of endeavoring to keep the Spirit's unity in the bond of
   peace.  Then he explains this unity as being sevenfold.  In verse 4 he
   emphasizes three special things, one Body, one Spirit, and one hope.
   Now there can be no question that the Spirit is brought in here as
   forming the Body, and the Spirit forms the Body by what is called
   elsewhere the baptism of the Spirit.  Then in verse 5 we have another
   trio, one Lord, one faith, one baptism.  Here it seems to me clearly
   enough we have, not a duplication of what we have already had in verse
   4, but something that is more outward.  One Lord in whom we believe;
   one faith that we confess; and one baptism by which we express our
   allegiance to that Lord and that faith.  In verse 6 we have God Himself
   as the Father of all, the Founder of this blessed unity.

   Now without going into any disputation as to whether the term "one
   baptism," is to be confined to the baptism of the Spirit, or the
   baptism of water, it is certainly evident that it at least implies
   water.  No man confesses his faith in Christ by the baptism of the Holy
   Spirit alone, for millions have been baptized by the Holy Spirit, and
   yet the world knows nothing of it.  On the other hand, of course, many
   have faith in Christ who have never been baptized in water, but that
   does not alter the fact that, according to the Lord's own instructions,
   water baptism should follow confession of Christ.  The Lord has never
   rescinded this order, and for men to attempt to do so is but to
   substitute human authority for divine.

   The statement has been made that inasmuch as all carnal ordinances were
   abolished in the cross, this includes baptism and the Lord's Supper.
   However, to merely state this is to refute it, inasmuch as Christian
   baptism was not given until just before the Lord's ascension, and the
   Lord's Supper was given from heaven to the apostle Paul by special
   revelation, long after Christ's ascension (1 Cor. 11: 23, 24).  To read
   into such a passage as Hebrews 6: 1, 2 any reference to Christian
   baptism, is ignorance so colossal that it does not even deserve an
   answer.  The apostle there is definitely referring to Judaism in
   contrast with Christianity.  The "doctrine of baptisms" is the teaching
   of washings under law.

   To the lover of the Lord Jesus Christ there can be nothing legal about
   baptism.  It is simply the glad expression of a grateful heart
   recognizing its identity with Christ in death, burial, and
   resurrection.  Many of us look back to the moment when we were thus
   baptized as one of the most precious experiences we have ever known.

   All ultra-dispensationalists do not reject the Lord's Supper, but those
   who are rigidly tied up to the prison epistles and have practically no
   other Bible, set this blessed ordinance aside in the same curt way that
   they dismiss water baptism.  We are told that in a spiritual
   dispensation there is no place for outward observances.  And yet,
   singularly enough, these brethren meet together for worship and prayer,
   and that very frequently upon the first day of the week, though they
   are almost a unit in denying that this is the Lord's Day.  They insist,
   though the Holy Ghost has Himself changed the term; that the Lord's Day
   is identical with the Day of the Lord; and so the observance of the
   first day of the week is with them simply gross legality.  Think of
   parting with all the holy privileges of the Lord's Day on the plea that
   it is a mark of higher spirituality to make this a common day like any
   other.  I know that some quote as authority for this, Paul's words in
   Romans 14: 5: "One man esteemeth one day above another: another
   esteemeth every day alike.  Let every man be fully persuaded in his own
   mind." But an examination of the entire passage in which this verse is
   found, will make it clear that the apostle is here referring to Jewish
   distinctions between clean and unclean meats, and holy and common days,
   and he would have Gentile believers respect even the legal feeling of
   their Jewish brethren in these matters.  The enlightened Christian of
   course in a very real sense esteems every day alike, that is, every day
   is devoted to the glory of God, but this does not mean that he fails to
   differentiate between days on which he participates in the ordinary
   activities of the world, and the first day of the week, which is
   largely set aside for spiritual exercises.  We have known men to glory
   in their liberty, as they called it, who could take part in Christian
   service on Lord's Day morning and spend the afternoon golfing, or in
   some other more worldly way, and this on pretence of a higher
   spirituality than that of those who are supposed to be legal, because
   they use the hours of the entire day either for their own spiritual
   upbuilding or for the blessing of others.

   It is strange that many, who insist that there are no ordinances or
   commandments connected with the dispensation of pure grace, should take
   up collections in their services and urge people to give as unto the
   Lord to support their ministry. logically, they should tell people that
   giving is legal and belongs to the old dispensation, but has no place
   in the present age, when we simply receive but give nothing in return!
   The passage already referred to in 1 Corinthians 11 makes it clear that
   though the apostle Paul did not receive his instruction concerning the
   observance of the Lord's Supper from the twelve, it was given to him by
   special revelation from heaven, thus indicating what an important place
   it has in this age.  Surely one is guilty of gross perversion of
   Scripture who dares to teach that since Paul's imprisonment, the Lord's
   Supper should no longer be observed, when the Holy Ghost has said, "As
   often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, ye do show the Lord's
   death till He come."

   The most sacred hours that many of us have ever known have been those
   spent with fellow-believers seated at the table of the Lord,
   recognizing in the broken bread and poured-out wine, the memorials of
   our Saviour's death, and thus in a new way entering into and
   appropriating the reality of which the symbols speak.  We may be
   thought legal, because we refuse to surrender such precious privileges
   at the behest of some of our self-styled expositors of pure grace, but
   we remember "that the grace of God salvation bringing for all men, hath
   appeared, teaching us that denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we
   should live soberly, righteously and godly in this present world,
   looking for that blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our
   great God and Saviour Jesus Christ," and until He come, by His grace,
   to remember Him in the way of His own appointment.

                             Concluding Remarks

   IN closing this review of the system of teaching which we have had
   before us, I do not think it necessary to go into the questions at any
   length of Soul-sleeping and Annihilation (conditional immortality), or
   the opposite view of the final restoration of Universalism.  As already
   mentioned, the followers of the late Dr. E. W. Bullinger have largely
   taken up with the first type of teaching in Great Britain; whereas in
   America many of them have supported Universalist views.  But these
   heretical teachings have been so ably answered on many different
   occasions by other writers, that it would seem like a work of
   supererogation to go into them now.  I only mention them, in fact, as a
   warning to those who are dabbling with this system, for that which
   looks so innocent in the beginning often ends up in complete departure
   from "the faith once delivered to the saints."

   One who was a leading advocate of Bullingerism on the west coast for
   many years, has put out literature recently which denies the Eternal
   Sonship of the Lord Jesus Christ, the true personality of the Holy
   Spirit, and many other important truths.  In order to support his
   restoration system, he has put out a private translation of the New
   Testament which, by his disciples, is generally accepted as absolute
   authority.  Making no pretence to scholarship myself, but simply
   seeking to be a reverent student of the English Bible with whatever
   help I have been enabled to glean throughout more than forty years of
   studying the Word, I hesitated to pronounce upon many of the peculiar
   translations in this new New Testament, but several years ago it was my
   privilege to spend some time in company with the late Dr. A. T.
   Robertson, undoubtedly the foremost Greek scholar in America, and
   possibly without a peer elsewhere.  I asked him if he had ever examined
   the Version in question.  With a look of disgust, he said, "I certainly
   did.  The editor had the impertinence to send me a copy, and asked me
   to commend his ignorance to others."

   I said, "Doctor, would you give me in a few words your real estimate of
   this work, and give me the privilege of quoting you as occasion may

   He replied, "I can give it to you in two words, Piffle and Puffle, and
   you may tell any one that that is my estimate of this vaunted

   In giving publicity to this conversation, my desire is to warn those
   who are carried away by great pretence to learning, who may not
   themselves be familiar with the original languages in which the Bible
   was written, and are therefore easily impressed by a parade of assumed

   Generally speaking, I have sought to avoid personalities in this
   discussion.  Many otherwise excellent men have taken up these new
   views.  I have no quarrel with men.  I do not desire to reflect upon or
   belittle any of them.  It is the Truth of God that is in question, and
   my appeal is therefore to the Word itself.

   Singularly enough, since these papers began running serially, I have
   received abusive letters from a number of different teachers accusing
   me of attacking them.  One such writes that he is neither a
   Bullingerite nor an ultra-dispensationalist, and resents being so
   designated.  Each one must draw his own conclusions as to whether he
   holds the views I have endeavored to refute.  "I speak as unto wise
   men. judge ye what I say."

   In bringing these papers to a close, I would urge interested readers to
   remember the exhortation of the apostle, "Prove all things; hold fast
   that which is good."

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