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WHEN ONE IS TWO, AND TWO ARE ONE
BY
Andy Bustanoby
(C) October 13, 2009



     I have one head and two bodies.  The first body I received on December 
   29, 1930.  The second body I received on December 1, 1951.  

   My first body was the result of my conception and my delivery as a baby.  
   This body is called Andre S. Bustanoby.

   My second body was the result of marriage to Fay G. Gregg.  How can I say 
   that this marriage gave me a second body?  Let me explain.

   Ephesians 5:22-33 teaches the marvelous relationship of the Christian 
   husband and wife.  The husband is to love his wife as Christ loved the 
   Church and gave Himself for it.  He is to love his wife as his own body.  
   We read:

     Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave 
     himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with 
     water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant 
     church, without stain or wrinkle or 	any other blemish, but holy and 
     blameless.  In the same way, husbands ought to 	love their wives as 
     their own bodies.  He who loves his wife loves himself.  After all, no 
     one ever hated his own body, but he feeds and cares for it, just as 
     Christ 	does the church--for we are members of his body.  For this 
     reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his 
     wife, and the two will become one flesh (Eph. 5:22-31 NIV).

   Here we see that even though I was born with my own body, I received a 
   second body through marriage.  ONE became TWO!  However, this second body 
   has become united with me and we are now one flesh!  

   The Apostle Paul goes on to say, "This is a profound mystery--but I am 
   talking about Christ and the church" (Eph. 5:32).  The "mystery" Paul 
   speaks of is how the Church becomes the body of Christ when Christ already 
   has a body!  It happens the same way as the husband and wife become one 
   flesh.  Just as the husband is the head of his wife and the head of his 
   own body, Christ is the head of the Church and the head of his own 
   resurrected body.

   I use this analogy to explain how it is possible for the Church to be 
   called "the body of Christ," and yet Christ sits in heaven in a glorified 
   body that was resurrected from the dead.  Just as marriage gives one man 
   two bodies, the saving work of Christís body on the cross and his becoming 
   the head of the Church gives Him two bodies.  However, just as the husband 
   and wife, who are two, become one flesh in the union of marriage, Christ 
   and the Church, who are two, now become one flesh, or one body.

   Perhaps it will startle you, but Christ and the Church becoming one flesh 
   also has come about through marriage.  The Church is called "The Bride of Christ," which requires us to understand 
   marriage in the First Century. (See my footnote for further explanation.)

   There were two marvelous events in the life of Christ that Christians 
   enjoy.  The first was His crucifixion where His body and blood were 
   sacrificed for our sin.  Salvation was offered to INDIVIDUAL sinners who 
   by faith accepted Christís death and resurrection for their sin.  His 
   death, His body and blood, and resurrection three days later made this 
   possible.

   But there was another great event made possible by Christ.  Fifty days 
   later, on the day of Pentecost, Christ ascended into heaven and was seated 
   at the right hand of God the Father who "appointed him to be head over 
   everything for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who 
   fills everything in every way" (Eph. 1:18-23).

   Here we have the body of Christ which was CRUCIFIED for the sins of the 
   INDIVIDUAL and the body of Christ GLORIFIED fifty days later becoming head 
   of the body of the saved called THE CHURCH.  As a result of this, the 
   Church was called to establish an ordinance called "The Lordís Table" that 
   uses bread and wine to remember how each INDIVIDUAL became a member of THE 
   CHURCH.  

   We see in Corinth, however, that a meal was also observed with The Lordís 
   Supper (1 Cor. 10-12).  Eating together was a symbol of the UNITY that 
   believers enjoy in the GLORIFIED body of Christ.  The CRUCIFIXION of His 
   body brought these individuals to salvation.  The GLORIFICATION of His 
   body in heaven brought these individuals together into His ongoing body on 
   earth called The Church.

   Here is where "One Is Two, and Two Are One."  Two or more INDIVIDUALS 
   saved by the CRUCIFIXION OF CHRISTíS BODY now are ONE BODY IN CHRIST by 
   His GLORIFICATION.  Hence, we have two events at Corinth, still followed 
   by many churches today--the ordinance called The Lordís Supper, 
   celebrating individual salvation in Christís crucifixion, with bread and 
   wine, and the Church having a meal together, as One Body In Christ, 
   celebrating the unity they have as the body of Christ of which He is the 
   Head, achieved fifty days later in his glorification.

   The sin of the Corinthians, however, was that they were not eating 
   together.  Actually, some were becoming drunk on wine, and others were 
   going hungry.  This was a disgrace to the ordinance of the Lordís Supper 
   (the bread and wine) and their salvation in Christ.  Individual salvation 
   was not honored by getting drunk on the wine of the Lordís Supper.  The 
   unity of the Church, which became the earthly body of the ascended and 
   glorified Christ, was disgraced by leaving some to go hungry.  There was 
   no unity in that.

   My point is that we must not confuse the ONE  body of Christ, the Savior 
   of individuals by His body and blood, and the ONE body of Christ, who, 
   under His headship, became the Church, shown by its unity of saved 
   individuals.  This is why the ordinance of the Lordís Supper symbolizes 
   the giving of Jesusí body and blood with bread and wine for our salvation.  
   It was followed by a Church meal together symbolizing His becoming the
   head of a new earthly body, the Church.  The ONE body of Christ in heaven 
   became head of a new body, the Church, making TWO bodies become one--the 
   body of Christ in heaven and the body of Christ on earth.

   When Paul wrote the Corinthians he reminded them that the bread and wine 
   of the ordinance was in remembrance of Christ.  One commentary said, "This 
   is to be done in remembrance OF ME, NOT YOU" (1 Cor. 11:22-26). I can add, 
   however, if the Church has a common meal along with the Lordís Table, they 
   may remember that the common meal celebrates the ongoing unity of the body 
   of Christ on earth in the Church where, as husband and wife, they are "one 
   flesh."

   This is what we have in the analogy of husbands and wives in Ephesians 5.  
   The ONE husband becomes TWO through his headship of his wife.  But their 
   marriage makes the TWO "one flesh," hence, the TWO become ONE.

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   Footnote on the Church as the Bride of Christ:  

   To say that the Church is now the Bride of Christ may raise a question 
   about Revelation 19:9, "Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding 
   supper of the Lamb."  How can we call the Church today the Bride of Christ 
   if the wedding supper is yet future?

   J. Dwight Pentecost makes the point, "Inasmuch as the Greek text does not 
   distinguish between marriage supper and marriage feast, but uses the same 
   word for both, and since the marriage supper consistently is used in 
   reference to Israel on earth, it may be best to view the marriage of the 
   Lamb as that event in the heavens in which the church is eternally united 
   to Christ and the marriage feast or supper as the millennium, to which 
   Jews and Gentiles will be invited, which takes place on the earth, during 
   which time the bridegroom is honored through the display of the bride to 
   all His friends who are assembled there" (Pentecost, Things To Come, 
   p. 228).

   In other words, when the Church became the body of Christ on the Day of 
   Pentecost, it became one flesh with Christ through union with Him--the 
   marriage.  The marriage supper comes later with friends invited to 
   celebrate the marriage.

   It also would help to understand marriage in the First Century.  It was 
   not like it is today with an engagement and then a marriage license and 
   ceremony.  In the first century betrothal actually was the legal binding 
   of a man and woman.  Harperís Dictionary of Classical Literature and 
   Antiquities says this:

     In Athens, "the father or guardian, kurios or Lord of a maiden [gave] 
     her in betrothal to her future husband.  The act was a solemn one, the 
     relatives of either side being witnesses.  Whenever a woman had a 
     kurios, [father or guardian] marriage, it could take place by no other 
     method than this.  At the time of the 	betrothal the dowry of the bride 
     was settled, and this was a most important point for her future 
     welfare" (p. 1013). 

   We can see from this that the betrothal was far more important than the 
   marriage feast with friends.  Today, the Church is the Bride of Christ in 
   the sense of being betrothed to Him.  Her future is taken care of by the 
   kurios or "Lord," God Himself, who has given her in betrothal.  Though the 
   bridegroom, Christ to whom she is betrothed, is a long time in coming, 
   she, the wise virgin, has her lamp filled with oil and waits for her delayed husband (Mt. 25:1-13).

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