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Proposition: To examine the concepts of glory that are recorded in the Old Testament and to demonstrate that there is visible glory and an emphasis on the weight of God's character.
Introduction A. The New Testament Has One Root for Glory Plus Its Derivatives - The Noun doxa (doxa) - all 7 forms occur 239 times B. The New Testament Has a different Root for Honor - timh (timae) 1. Core Noun and Verb - 64 occurrences 2. 20 Derivatives with 102 Occurrences C. The Old Testament Has One Major Root Translated Both Glory and Honor - (kavad) 1. Verb 113 times in Old Testament with 60 additional variants - Total Occurrences of All Derivatives - 376 times 2. Four Other Words Translated Honor or Glory (minor value to subject) D. Two Emphases 1. Appearance - More in Old Testament Than in New Testament 2. Weight of Character E. The Concept of Shekinah Glory I. THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE GLORY OF GOD RELATED TO MEN A. Moses and the Burning Bush - Ex. 3:2 KJV Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. B. Israel in the Exodus - Ex. 13:21, 22 KJV Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people. C. Israel at Sinai 1. Ex. 19:16 KJV Exodus 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled. 2. Ex. 24:10, 16, 17 - on Mount Sinai KJV Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. KJV Exodus 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 3. Ex. 40:34, 35 - Tent of Meeting a. Tent of Meeting b. Tabernacle KJV Exodus 40:34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. D. Israel in Her Wanderings - Num. 14:14 KJV Numbers 14:14 And they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land: for they have heard that thou LORD art among this people, that thou LORD art seen face to face, and that thy cloud standeth over them, and that thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night. E. Israel at the Rebellion of Korah - Num. 16:19, 42 KJV Numbers 16:19 And Korah gathered all the congregation against them unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the congregation. KJV Numbers 16:42 And it came to pass, when the congregation was gathered against Moses and against Aaron, that they looked toward the tabernacle of the congregation: and, behold, the cloud covered it, and the glory of the LORD appeared. F. Rebellion of Israel Against Moses and Aaron - Num. 20:6 KJV Numbers 20:6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them. G. Israel in the Solomonic Temple - 1 Ki. 8:11; 2 Chron. 5:14; 7:1, 2 KJV 1 Kings 8:11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD. KJV 2 Chronicles 5:14 So that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of God. KJV 2 Chronicles 7:1 Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the glory of the LORD filled the house. 2 And the priests could not enter into the house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the LORD'S house. H. Glory Departs from the Temple in Ezekiel I. Glory Returns to the Millennial Temple II. THE MATTER OF VISIBLE GLORY CALLED "SHEKINAH GLORY" - SENSIBLE GLORY A. Shekinah Is Not an Old Testament Hebrew Noun B. Shekinah is from the Hebrew Verb (shahcan) 1. To Temporarily Dwell, Camp, Tent 2. Tabernacle - (mishcan) C. Its Characteristics 1. Visible with Manifestation of Presence of Jehovah 2. Departs with the Departure of the Manifestation of the Presence of Jehovah 3. A Way to Let Israel Know the Presence of Jehovah D. Its Sensibility - Human Senses Detect 1. Appear = Was Seen - Nifal - Passive 2. See = Cause to See - Hifil (Ex. 33:18) 3. Appearance = Sight = mrerh; (Ex. 24:17) 4. You Will See = Ex. 16:7 - Qal Pf 5. Heard His Voice (Deut. 5:24) E. Ezekiel's Description of the Likeness of the Glory of Jehovah - 1:26-28 KJV Ezekiel 1:26 And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. 27 And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about. 28 As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake. 1. Its Departure a. Glory in Temple - Ezek. 3:12 b. From Cherubim to Temple Threshold - Ezek. 9:3; 10:4 c. To the Eastern Gate of the Temple - Ezek. 10:19 d. From the Midst of the City to the Mount of Olives to the East - 11:22, 23 2. Its Return a. From the East - 43:2 b. Through the Eastern Gate - 43:4 c. In the House - 43:5 d. Filled the House - 44:4 III. GLORY AS A MANIFESTATION OF CHARACTER OR JEHOVAH'S WEIGHT A. Give Glory to Jehovah - 1 Chron. 16:28, 29; Psa. 29:1, 2 KJV 1 Chronicles 16:28 Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people, give unto the LORD glory and strength. 29 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. KJV Psalm 29:1 Give unto the LORD, O ye mighty, give unto the LORD glory and strength. 2 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. B. Jehovah Possesses Glory - 1 Chron. 29:11-13 KJV 1 Chronicles 29:11 Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all. 12 Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all. 13 Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name. C. Glory Is Above All the Earth - Psa. 57:5; 57:11; 108:5 KJV Psalm 57:5 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens; let thy glory be above all the earth. KJV Psalm 57:11 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: let thy glory be above all the earth. KJV Psalm 108:5 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth; D. Glory Is Above the Heavens - Psa. 113:4 KJV Psalm 113:4 The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens. E. The Glory of His Name - Psa. 66:2; 72:19; 115:1 KJV Psalm 66:2 Sing forth the honour of his name: make his praise glorious. KJV Psalm 72:19 And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen. KJV Psalm 115:1 Not unto us, O LORD, not unto us, but unto thy name give glory, for thy mercy, and for thy truth's sake. F. The Glory of Jehovah Will Endure Forever - Psa. 104:31 KJV Psalm 104:31 The glory of the LORD shall endure for ever: the LORD shall rejoice in his works. G. Jehovah Will Not Give Glory to Another - Isa. 42:8 KJV Isaiah 42:8 I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images. IV. HUMAN ATTEMPTS TO GIVE FULL WEIGHT TO THE INFINITE A. Israel To Glorify Jehovah - Psa. 22:23 KJV Psalm 22:23 Ye that fear the LORD, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify him; and fear him, all ye the seed of Israel. B. I Will Glorify Thy Name - Psa. 86:12 KJV Psalm 86:12 I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore. V. THE LINK OF CREATION TO GLORY AND ACCOUNTABILITY A. The Heavens Declare His Righteousness and People See Glory - Psa. 97:6 KJV Psalm 97:6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory. B. The Heavens Declare the Glory of Jehovah - Psa. 19:1 KJV Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. C. Man Is Without Excuse Because of the Manifestation of Glory - Rom. 1:19, 20 KJV Romans 1:19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: 1. Power 2. Godhood
TRANS: The Old Testament Speaks Most often of the manifested, visible glory of God. It does refer to His character as well but far less frequently.
Conclusion A. B. C. D.